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Table 2 Dietary Factors of children and adolescents according to tertiles of nut consumptions

From: Association of nuts and unhealthy snacks with subclinical atherosclerosis among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity

  Nuts (serving/wk./1000Kcal) P for trend
T1 (< 0.64) T2 (0.65–1.60) T3 (> 1.61)
Total energy intake (Kcal) 2834 2911 2809 0.664
Carbohydrate (% energy) 56.8 ± 5.6 56.8 ± 5.6 54.4 ± 5.6 0.000
Dietary fiber (g/1000Kcal) 18.7 ± 6.1 17.0 ± 6.1 16.6 ± 5.3 0.047
Total fat (%energy) 31.9 ± 5.6 32.5 ± 5.3 34.6 ± 5.1 0.000
SFA (%energy) 10.1 ± 2.5 10.1 ± 2.3 10.5 ± 2.2 0.106
MUFA (%energy) 10.1 ± 2.3 10.2 ± 2.2 10.8 ± 2.2 0.010
PUFA (%energy) 6.6 ± 2.1 6.7 ± 1.9 7.6 ± 1.8 0.000
Protein (%energy) 13.4 ± 2.1 13.0 ± 2.1 13.6 ± 2. 0.265
Vegetable (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 5.3 ± 2.7 6.0 ± 3.3 6.2 ± 3.7 0.089
Fruit (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 6.7 ± 3.4 7.9 ± 4.7 7.6 ± 3.7 0.436
Sweet snacks (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 2.8 ± 1.4 3.2 ± 1.9 3.0 ± 1.9 0.745
Salty snacks (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 1.0 ± 1.3 1.0 ± 1.3 1.0 ± 0.9 0.938
Energy-dense nutrient-poor solid snacks (serving/wk./1000Kcal) 3.9 ± 1.7 4.2 ± 2.3 4.5 ± 2.0 0.811
  1. SFA saturated fatty acid, MUFA monounsaturated fatty acid, PUFA polyunsaturated fatty acid
  2. Data are represented as mean ± SD
  3. Linear regression was used