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Table 4 Multivariable-adjusted ORs (95% CIs) for the prevalence of high cIMT by tertiles of snack consumption in children and adolescents

From: Association of nuts and unhealthy snacks with subclinical atherosclerosis among children and adolescents with overweight and obesity

  Intakes P for trend
T1 (n = 112) T2 (n = 114) T3 (n = 113)
Median nuts (serving/wk./1000 kcal) 0.34 0.99 2.78  
 Model 1 1.00 0.83 (0.47–1.46) 0.49 (0.27–0.89) 0.018
 Model 2 1.00 0.72 (0.39–1.31) 0.42 (0.22–0.81) 0.011
 Model 3 1.00 0.70 (0.38–1.28) 0.41 (0.21–0.79) 0.010
Median energy-dense nutrient-poor solid snacks (serving/wk./1000 kcal) 2.13 3.83 5.83  
 Model 1 1.00 0.95 (0.54–1.69) 0.76 (0.42–1.37) 0.367
 Model 2 1.00 1.15 (0.62–2.13) 1.02 (0.54–1.91) 0.954
 Model 3 1.00 1.13 (0.61–2.11) 1.00 (0.53–1.89) 0.985
  1. cIMT carotid intima-media thickness
  2. Model 1 was crude
  3. Model 2 was adjusted for sex, age, energy intake, pubertal status, physical activity
  4. Model 3 was adjusted for model 2 variables plus BMI
  5. Using the median values for tertiles of snacks as continuous variables