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Table 3 Association between changes of visceral fat and blood pressure

From: Visceral fat reduction is positively associated with blood pressure reduction in overweight or obese males but not females: an observational study

    β SE Sig. 95% CI AIC
Changes in SBP Male Model 1 0.128 0.058 0.032 0.012 0.245 350.888
Model 2 0.166 0.060 0.008 0.045 0.286 349.638
Model 3 0.197 0.060 0.002 0.076 0.319 341.329
Model 4 0.234 0.065 0.001 0.103 0.365 337.184
Female Model 1 0.017 0.114 0.882 −0.209 0.243 496.459
Model 2 0.003 0.116 0.981 −0.229 0.234 499.331
Model 3 −0.032 0.124 0.799 −0.279 0.216 503.544
Model 4 −0.003 0.129 0.984 −0.260 0.255 503.959
Changes in DBP Male Model 1 0.132 0.052 0.013 0.029 0.236 332.028
Model 2 0.168 0.052 0.002 0.063 0.272 326.703
Model 3 0.186 0.055 0.001 0.077 0.296 325.275
Model 4 0.237 0.055 <0.001 0.127 0.346 309.072
Female Model 1 0.052 0.077 0.495 −0.100 0.205 422.278
Model 2 0.060 0.079 0.451 −0.097 0.217 426.542
Model 3 0.086 0.082 0.300 −0.078 0.250 425.930
Model 4 0.101 0.087 0.249 −0.072 0.273 428.551
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure
  2. SE standard error, CI confidence interval, two-sided test of significance, AIC Akaike’s Information Criterion
  3. Model 1: unadjusted;
  4. Model 2: adjusted for age, intervention groups, body weight, BMI;
  5. Model 3 adjusted as in Model 2 plus smoking status, education level, marital status, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and medication use at baseline: antihypertensive drugs, oral hypoglycemic drugs;
  6. Model 4 was adjusted as in Model 3 plus energy intake and physical activity at baseline