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Table 4 Twenty-four diet recall measures of saturated fat, red meat, and processed meat intakes at 6 months and change from baseline across participants with and without sLDL-P increases of 5% or greater

From: Lipid findings from the Diabetes Education to Lower Insulin, Sugars, and Hunger (DELISH) Study

Dietary measure≥5% Δ sLDL-P
Median (IQR) n = 11
<5% Δ sLDL-P
Median (IQR) n = 40–42^
Z-value (Wilcoxon)p-valueMedian (IQR) Diff
Value at 6 months
 Saturated fat  density17.81 (14.95 to 25.40)19.33 (16.75 to 25.20) n = 42−0.790.431.68 (−4.10 to 8.12)
 Red and processed meat, servings/day2.84 (1.57 to 5.24)2.11 (1.13 to 3.76) n = 420.965.33−0.77 (−2.92 to 1.36)
 Red meat, servings/day2.14 (0.29 to 2.93)0.44 (0.15 to 2.27) n = 421.382.17−0.72 (−2.42 to 0.56)
 Processed meat, servings/day0.72 (0.23 to 2.93)1.12 (0.29 to 1.76) n = 420.066.95−0.02 (−1.30 to 1.00)
6-month change
 Saturated fat density6.73 (3.93 to 11.75)5.63 (2.04 to 14.41) n = 400.160.87−0.57 (−7.02 to 8.87)
 Red and processed meat, servings/day1.22 (−0.01 to 3.28)0.26 (−1.63 to 1.70) n = 401.626.10−1.29 (−3.90 to 0.80)
 Red meat, servings/day0.69 (−0.26 to 2.06)−0.29 (−1.28 to 0.74) n = 402.130.033−1.15 (−3.18 to 0.17)
 Processed meat, servings/day0.42 (−0.24 to 1.88)0.35 (−0.53 to 1.41) n = 400.275.78−0.20 (−1.59 to 1.19)
  1. Note. Change from baseline to 6 months computed as (6 months – baseline). ^ Variation in sample size between 40 and 42 is due to missing data: One participant had baseline diet recall data omitted to due to an implausible energy intake, and another had missing baseline diet recall data (see Analytic Plan and Results sections). Red meat, red and processed meat, and processed meat variables were energy-adjusted (see Methods)