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Table 2 Regression coefficient of total carbohydrate, dietary glycemic index, and dietary glycemic load with apelin gene expression in adipose tissues

From: Dietary glycemic index and dietary glycemic load is associated with apelin gene expression in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues of adults

  Subcutaneous Visceral
Β (95% CI) STZ β P value Β (95% CI) STZ β P value
Total carbohydrate (per 54.1 g/d)
 Age and sex adjusted 0.000 (−0.002 to 0.002) − 0.006 0.952 0.001 (− 0.001 to 0.002) 0.081 0.426
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted 0.000 (− 0.002 to 0.002) − 0.022 0.839 0.000 (− 0.002 to 0.002) −0.018 0.865
The dietary glycemic index (per 8.8)
 Age and sex adjusted 0.020 (0.011 to 0.029) 0.419 < 0.001 0.023 (0.015 to 0.035 0.481 < 0.001
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted 0.024 (0.013 to 0.034) 0.428 < 0.001 0.024 (0.013 to 0.034) 0.437 < 0.001
Dietary glycemic load (per 53.9)
 Age and sex adjusted 0.002 (0.000 to 0.003) 0.257 0.010 0.003 (0.001 to 0.004) 0.349 < 0.001
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted 0.002 (0.000 to 0.004) 0.246 0.029 0.003 (0.001 to 0.004) 0.395 0.005
High glycemic foods (per 3.9 serv/d)
 Age and sex adjusted 0.030 (0.010 to 0.051) 0.284 0.004 0.028 (0.007 to 0.049) 0.261 0.009
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted 0.034 (0.012 to 0.056) 0.306 0.003 0.036 (0.014 to 0.049) 0.328 0.002
Medium glycemic foods (per 1.5 serv/d)
 Age and sex adjusted −0.012 (−0.070 to 0.047) −0.041 0.692 −0.015 (−0.075 to 0.044) −0.053 0.607
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted −0.018 (− 0.083 to 0.047) −0.060 0.578 −0.018 (− 0.082 to 0.047) −0.059 0.588
Low glycemic foods (per 7.6 serv/d)
 Age and sex adjusted −0.004 (− 0.015 to 0.007) −0.076 0.455 0.000 (−0.011 to 0.012) 0.009 0.933
 Age, sex, and WC Adjusted −0.004 (− 0.011 to 0.005) −0.142 0.180 0.002 (−0.017 to 0.011) 0.072 0.492
  1. STZ β; standardized β, WC; waist circumference
  2. The residual model was used to adjust total energy intake for dietary exposures