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Table 4 Changes in anthropometric parameters and nutrition indexes from day 0 to day 60 in elderly T2DM subjects

From: Evaluation of white sweet potato tube-feeding formula in elderly diabetic patients: a randomized controlled trial

  non-WSP-EN WSP-EN
Day 0 Day 60 Changes Day 0 Day 60 Changes
BW (kg) 54.89 ± 7.40 54.88 ± 7.19 − 0.02 ± 2.27 51.56 ± 9.29 52.83 ± 9.28 * 1.27 ± 1.40
BMI (kg/m2) 23.14 ± 3.39 23.15 ± 3.46 0.01 ± 0.94 21.62 ± 4.13 22.17 ± 4.27 * 0.55 ± 0.62
CC (cm) 26.70 ± 4.07 26.88 ± 4.30 0.18 ± 1.76 26.18 ± 4.01 25.94 ± 3.85 − 0.24 ± 1.19
MAC (cm) 26.42 ± 2.33 26.91 ± 2.99 0.49 ± 3.34 25.51 ± 3.72 25.63 ± 3.23 0.12 ± 1.93
MAMC (cm) 21.64 ± 3.44 21.71 ± 2.34 0.08 ± 3.61 21.12 ± 3.09 21.35 ± 2.51 0.23 ± 2.26
TSF (mm) 15.25 ± 6.80 16.51 ± 5.97 1.26 ± 3.52 13.98 ± 6.87 13.61 ± 5.00 −0.37 ± 4.24
MNA (score) 20.78 ± 1.67 20.69 ± 2.85 −0.09 ± 2.77 18.85 ± 3.71 20.13 ± 3.59 * 1.27 ± 1.43
GNRI (score) 49.17 ± 6.51 49.16 ± 6.69 −0.01 ± 1.88 46.25 ± 7.95 47.40 ± 8.14 * 1.15 ± 1.27 #
  1. Data are presented as means ± standard deviations.
  2. *Significant within-group difference after intervention (paired t test analysis; p < 0.05).
  3. #Significant between-groups difference after intervention (independent t test; p < 0.05).
  4. BMI body mass index; CC calf circumference; MAC mid-arm circumference; MAMC mid-arm muscle circumference; TSF triceps skinfold; MNA Mini Nutritional Assessment; GNRI geriatric nutritional risk index.
  5. *p < 0.05 pre- vs. post-treatment, paired t test.
  6. #p < 0.05 between non-WSP-EN vs. WSP-EN group, independent-sample t test