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Table 5 Changes in glycemic markers and lipid profiles from day 0 to day 60 in elderly T2DM subjects

From: Evaluation of white sweet potato tube-feeding formula in elderly diabetic patients: a randomized controlled trial

  Non-WSP-EN WSP-EN
Day 0 Day 60 Changes Day 0 Day 60 Changes
FBG (mg/dL) 108.19 ± 28.05 139.13 ± 51.07 * 30.94 ± 38.50 119.08 ± 61.23 122.63 ± 57.94 3.54 ± 59.49
HbA1c (%) 5.84 ± 0.59 6.05 ± 0.97 0.21 ± 0.60 6.73 ± 1.47 6.40 ± 1.16 * −0.33 ± 0.75 #
Insulin (μU/mL) 7.88 ± 6.78 10.98 ± 6.33 3.11 ± 7.06 8.72 ± 6.63 18.47 ± 13.83 9.75 ± 3.14
HOMA-IR 2.26 ± 2.77 3.41 ± 2.39 1.15 ± 2.82 2.92 ± 3.54 6.94 ± 4.62 4.01 ± 4.49
TC (mg/dL) 148.94 ± 25.42 158.38 ± 33.15 9.44 ± 26.65 159.29 ± 25.69 163.67 ± 26.96 4.38 ± 17.32
TG (mg/dL) 157.63 ± 82.40 161.44 ± 79.30 3.81 ± 57.85 127.21 ± 54.99 140.04 ± 72.52 12.83 ± 41.88
HDL-C (mg/dL) 38.19 ± 12.39 37.88 ± 8.15 − 0.31 ± 6.80 42.13 ± 10.56 44.25 ± 8.43 * 2.13 ± 4.93
LDL-C (mg/dL) 91.63 ± 18.11 99.69 ± 25.82 8.06 ± 20.97 100.96 ± 23.37 106.71 ± 23.14 5.75 ± 14.89
TC/ HDL-C 4.18 ± 1.12 4.39 ± 1.38 0.21 ± 0.71 3.99 ± 1.09 3.82 ± 0.84 −0.17 ± 0.61
LDL-C/HDL-C 2.62 ± 0.85 2.80 ± 1.07 0.17 ± 0.64 2.56 ± 0.91 2.49 ± 0.66 −0.07 ± 0.52
  1. Data are presented as means ± standard deviations.
  2. * Significant within-group difference after intervention (paired t test analysis; p < 0.05).
  3. # Significant between-groups difference after intervention (independent t test; p < 0.05).
  4. FBG Fasting blood glucose; HbA1c glycated hemoglobin; HOMA-IR homeostatic model assessment–insulin resistance. TC Total cholesterol; TG triglyceride; HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
  5. *p < 0.05 pre- vs. post-treatment, paired t test.
  6. #p < 0.05 between non-WSP-EN vs. WSP-EN group, independent-sample t test