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Table 6 Changes in blood biomarkers and nutritional indexes from day 0 to day 60 in elderly T2DM subjects

From: Evaluation of white sweet potato tube-feeding formula in elderly diabetic patients: a randomized controlled trial

  Non-WSP-EN WSP-EN
Day 0 Day 60 Changes Day 0 Day 60 Changes
AST (U/L) 25.75 ± 15.41 46.00 ± 86.46 20.25 ± 88.42 26.96 ± 16.96 24.25 ± 9.23 −2.71 ± 10.59
ALT (U/L) 22.19 ± 15.55 33.00 ± 49.40 10.81 ± 50.23 24.08 ± 25.52 21.00 ± 13.21 −3.08 ± 16.69
Pre-Alb (mg/dL) 22.86 ± 4.30 21.96 ± 5.70 −0.89 ± 3.03 23.63 ± 6.30 24.70 ± 6.04 1.06 ± 2.81 #
Albumin (g/dL) 3.56 ± 0.24 3.53 ± 0.25 −0.03 ± 0.17 3.54 ± 0.38 3.61 ± 0.35 0.07 ± 0.23
Cr (mg/dL) 0.62 ± 0.19 0.64 ± 0.22 0.03 ± 0.07 0.76 ± 0.30 0.73 ± 0.27 − 0.03 ± 0.11
BUN (mg/dL) 13.31 ± 5.51 14.75 ± 5.98 1.44 ± 4.24 18.50 ± 11.73 20.58 ± 9.45 2.08 ± 6.70
Uric acid (mg/dL) 5.71 ± 1.61 5.41 ± 1.58 − 0.30 ± 0.71 5.60 ± 1.85 4.71 ± 1.59 * − 0.89 ± 0.92 #
Transferrin (mg/dL) 237.68 ± 48.98 239.23 ± 51.97 1.54 ± 17.32 223.06 ± 38.85 245.85 ± 46.08 * 22.78 ± 16.74 #
Hs-CRP (mg/dL) 0.78 ± 0.97 1.68 ± 1.95 * 0.90 ± 1.50 0.69 ± 0.59 0.76 ± 0.64 0.07 ± 0.75
Vitamin A (μM) 2.82 ± 0.35 2.71 ± 0.49 −0.11 ± 0.21 2.45 ± 0.77 2.74 ± 0.93 * 0.29 ± 0.46
Vitamin E (μM) 33.06 ± 7.62 34.31 ± 8.93 1.25 ± 2.63 29.04 ± 6.68 31.23 ± 11.33 2.18 ± 8.50
  1. Data are presented as means ± standard deviations.
  2. * Significant within-group difference after intervention (paired t test analysis; p < 0.05).
  3. # Significant between-groups difference after intervention (independent t test; p < 0.05).
  4. AST aspartate aminotransferase; ALT alanine aminotransferase; Pre-Alb Pre-albumin; BUN blood urea nitrogen; Hs-CRP high-sensitivity C-reactive protein.
  5. *p < 0.05 pre- vs. post-treatment, paired t test.
  6. #p < 0.05 between non-WSP-EN vs. WSP-EN group, independent-sample t test