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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for each intervention group (mean ± standard deviation)

From: Acute and chronic effects of multivitamin/mineral supplementation on objective and subjective energy measures

MeasureTreatmentMeanSD
Sex male/femalePLA25/15 
MVM25/17 
Age at enrolmentPLA22.33.35
MVM23.74.61
Years in educationPLA16.62.53
MVM16.32.97
Alcohol consumption (units/day)PLA0.750.86
MVM1.071.28
Caffeine consumption (mg/day)PLA10793
MVM117105
Number of fruit and veg portions per dayPLA3.601.59
MVM3.421.52
IPAQ scorePLA44243522
MVM47553238
BMI (kg/m2)PLA23.12.62
MVM23.92.76
Energy expenditure (Kcal/day)PLA1491.5342.4
MVM1601.7374.2
  1. PLA placebo, MVM multivitamin/mineral, mg milligrams, IPAQ international physical activity questionnaire, BMI body mass index, Kcal kilocalories, kg kilograms, m2 metres squared