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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for each intervention group (mean ± standard deviation)

From: Acute and chronic effects of multivitamin/mineral supplementation on objective and subjective energy measures

Measure Treatment Mean SD
Sex male/female PLA 25/15  
MVM 25/17  
Age at enrolment PLA 22.3 3.35
MVM 23.7 4.61
Years in education PLA 16.6 2.53
MVM 16.3 2.97
Alcohol consumption (units/day) PLA 0.75 0.86
MVM 1.07 1.28
Caffeine consumption (mg/day) PLA 107 93
MVM 117 105
Number of fruit and veg portions per day PLA 3.60 1.59
MVM 3.42 1.52
IPAQ score PLA 4424 3522
MVM 4755 3238
BMI (kg/m2) PLA 23.1 2.62
MVM 23.9 2.76
Energy expenditure (Kcal/day) PLA 1491.5 342.4
MVM 1601.7 374.2
  1. PLA placebo, MVM multivitamin/mineral, mg milligrams, IPAQ international physical activity questionnaire, BMI body mass index, Kcal kilocalories, kg kilograms, m2 metres squared