Skip to main content

Table 5 Nutrient intakes of the study subjects during the 4-week intervention period

From: Effect of toxic trace element detoxification, body fat reduction following four-week intake of the Wellnessup diet: a three-arm, randomized clinical trial

VariablesWD
(n = 15)
CRD
(n = 15)
MRD
(n = 15)
P-value1)
(W-M-C)
P-value2)
(W-M)
P-value3)
(W-C)
P-value4)
(M-C)
Energy (kcal)
 Baseline1443.1(1219.1–1682.4)1905.2(1435.1–2204.2)1714.3(1562.2–1942.7)    
 4-week1222.9(1164.9–1265.8)1135.6(1068.7–1332.2)1502.5(1335.2–1692.7)0.0020.4810.0020.003
Carbohydrate (g)
 Baseline215.6(178.2–262.3)243.6(195.9–297.4)248.0(177.5–277.6)    
 4-week163.1(154.9–172.1)141.5(132.7–164.1)191.0(186.6–230.4)0.0010.2130.0030.001
Fat (g)
 Baseline39.8(35.5–54.1)61.9(44.2–80.7)55.5(48.7–68.6)    
 4-week51.0(42.2–52.5)50.3(47.4–57.5)49.2(41.1–59.4)0.9710.7720.6480.967
Protein (g)
 Baseline55.0(40.0–63.0)62.6(50.3–91.8)65.4(54.7–76.8)    
 4-week50.0(39.3–45.8)42.8(41.1–54.3)58.5(52.5–66.2)< 0.00010.075< 0.00010.004
Cholesterol (mg)
 Baseline208.1(172.2–273.6)379.7(236.4–481.7)259.5(218.9–372.2)    
 4-week55.4(30.4–82.7)84.8(49.3–117.0)251.0(193.8–332.8)< 0.00010.110< 0.0001< 0.0001
Fiber (g)
 Baseline11.1(8.8–14.0)15.7(11.7–18.1)12.7(11.0–18.7)    
 4-week23.0(20.4–23.3)15.6(14.7–16.9)12.6(9.8–14.6)< 0.0001< 0.0001< 0.00010.002
Calcium (mg)
 Baseline347.0(190.5–557.8)431.6(342.5–549.8)340.1(265.5–411.8)    
 4-week425.7(406.2–450.5)340.9(317.4–354.9)293.6(270.0–408.3)< 0.0010.0010.0090.281
Phosphorous (mg)
 Baseline686.4(630.0–955.0)930.7(743.9–1162.5)821.2(750.3–1005.9)    
 4-week635.3(563.4–682.7)640.8(607.1–712.9)787.4(671.5–861.8)0.0190.4810.0080.047
Potassium (mg)
 Baseline1598.2(1370.0–1986.0)2016.5(1497.1–2449.1)1981.3(1468.2–2327.1)    
 4-week1894.6(1838.8–2022.4)1843.2(1776.9–2131.4)1805.5(1491.1–1976.6)0.1970.7720.1060.159
Zinc (mg)
 Baseline7.22(6.36–8.79)8.69(7.31–11.4)8.81(7.47–10.3)    
 4-week5.19(5.03–6.11)6.08(5.63–7.19)8.10(7.56–9.27)< 0.00010.025< 0.00010.003
Vitamin A (μg RE)
 Baseline445.2(384.4–701.4)616.8(371.5–898.6)491.0(373.7–875.7)    
 4-week742.1(727.5–810.3)355.9(335.6–412.9)448.8(389.5–612.8)< 0.0001< 0.0001< 0.00010.034
Vitamin E (mg)
 Baseline9.34(7.95–10.5)15.4(12.2–18.9)12.6(10.7–15.9)    
 4-week13.7(13.0–13.8)12.1(11.8–13.0)11.5(7.3–12.8)0.0040.0380.0020.147
Vitamin C (mg)
 Before40.9(28.1–146.3)71.7(45.8–121.7)78.9(42.1–112.9)    
 4-week211.7(200.9–213.8)203.5(173.1–213.6)71.9(47.7–80.7)< 0.00010.263< 0.0001< 0.0001
β-carotene (μg)
 Baseline1969.8(1385.1–3119.6)2009.5(1580.4–3595.9)2228.0(1406.5–4213.2)    
 4-week4319.7(4204.7–4673.4)1936.0(1809.4–2279.5)1933.8(1295.9–2697.8)< 0.0001< 0.0001< 0.00010.804
Vitamin B1(mg)
 Baseline0.96(0.84–1.08)1.15(0.93–1.44)1.18(1.01–1.43)    
 4-week0.83(0.81–0.89)0.86(0.79–0.92)0.99(0.93–1.22)0.0020.6190.0020.005
Vitamin B2(mg)
 Baseline0.88(0.82–1.18)1.24(0.92–1.52)1.01(0.84–1.39)    
 4-week0.72(0.70–0.80)0.64(0.61–0.85)0.93(0.79–1.09)0.0020.2290.0040.004
Vitamin B6(mg)
 Baseline1.01(0.92–1.25)1.56(1.08–1.68)1.28(1.08–1.65)    
 4-week1.12(1.09–1.27)1.08(1.00–1.31)1.17(1.06–1.40)0.8440.8360.6780.619
Folic acid (μg)
 Baseline291.8(240.5–331.8)322.9(276.8–461.9)387.3(204.7–443.5)    
 4-week330.5(327.5–350.5)387.0(362.7–405.2)293.8(233.1–366.8)0.0070.0310.1990.004
MET value (min/week)
 Baseline1520(480–2600)1440(540–2400)2000(480–4320)    
 4-week1240(400–3780)720(360–2400)580(240–1560)0.1900.8850.1250.119
  1. Values are presented as median (interquartile range)
  2. 1) Analyzed by the Kruskal Wallis test for WD-CRD-MRD groups
  3. 2) Analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test for change between WD-MRD
  4. 3) Analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test for change between WD-CRD
  5. 4) Analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test for change between MRD-CRD
  6. Abbreviations: WD Wellnessup diet, MRD maintaining regular diet, CRD calorie-restricted diet, MET metabolic equivalent