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Table 1 Plasma glucose results, as positive incremental area under the curve over 2 h (+iAUC2hr, min.mmol/L)

From: The effect of 8 plant extracts and combinations on post-prandial blood glucose and insulin responses in healthy adults: a randomized controlled trial

Intervention N Mean adjusted for baseline SEM Mean % difference from control product (lower, upper adjusted 95% CI) Adjusted p-value vs control product
AE 33 124.0 14.3 −25.4 (− 48.3,-2.5) 0.021
EE 30 156.9 14.9 −5.6 (− 29.2, 18.1) 0.996
MFE 34 106.7 14.0 −35.8 (−58.2, −13.4) < 0.001
MLE 33 126.1 14.4 −24.1 (−47.1, −1.2) 0.033
TE 33 166.4 14.3 0.2 (−22.7, 23.0) 1.00
AE + TE 30 132.9 15.1 −20.1 (−44.2, 4.1) 0.163
EE + TE 31 151.3 14.7 −8.9 (−32.4, 14.6) 0.921
WBE 31 186.1 14.7 12.0 (−11.5, 35.5) 0.719
Control product 65 166.2 11.2   
  1. AE, EE, MFE, MLE, TE, WBE are extracts of apple, elderberry, mulberry fruit, mulberry leaf, turmeric, and white bean, respectively. N, number of subjects receiving each extract (all subjects received the control product). SEM, standard error of the mean