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Table 4 Self-reported dietary intake by diet group

From: Effects of weight loss during a very low carbohydrate diet on specific adipose tissue depots and insulin sensitivity in older adults with obesity: a randomized clinical trial

  LFD VLCD p
Total energy (kcal) 1535 ± 395 1114 ± 314 < 0.05
CHO
 % kcal 47 ± 7% 16 ± 7% < 0.0001
 g/day 188 ± 65 48 ± 30 < 0.0001
Protein
 %kcal 18 ± 5% 30 ± 7% < 0.0001
 g/day 69 ± 20 78 ± 15 0.22
Fat
 %kcal 35 ± 7% 54 ± 6% < 0.0001
 g/day 61 ± 18 68 ± 23 0.40
Saturated Fat
 %kcal 13 ± 3% 17 ± 4% < 0.001
 g/day 20 ± 7 22 ± 9 0.57
Alcohol
 %kcal 0.2 ± 0.6% 0.1 ± 0.3% 0.61
 g/day 0.4 ± 1.5 0.2 ± 0.6 0.63
Sugar
 Total g/day 78 ± 35 24 ± 21 < 0.001
 Added g/day 41 ± 27 13 ± 19 < 0.01
Sodium (mg) 2837.7 ± 702.4 2452.9 ± 709.5 0.16
Glycemic Load 95 ± 33 23 ± 20 < 0.0001
  1. Data reported as Mean ± SD. Results are average intakes from 3-day food records (two-week days and one weekend day) completed after 4 weeks in the study
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