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Table 4 Characteristics and dietary intakes of study participants across median of dietary pattern scores

From: The relationship between dietary patterns and rheumatoid arthritis: a case–control study

Variables Healthy dietary pattern Western dietary pattern
Case Control P value Case Control P value
Age 46.28 ± 12.8 39.60 ± 9.2 < 0.001 49.2 ± 12.6 35.1 ± 7.5 < 0.001
Sex, female (%) 79.2% 71.6% 0.136 83.5% 77.4% 0.212
BMI 25.7 ± 4.44 24.5 ± 3.21 0.056 26.20 ± 4.35 24.2 ± 3.95 0.009
Weight 68.8 ± 12.21 63.7 ± 8.9 0.005 67.6 ± 11.4 62.2 ± 9.32 0.004
SES 12.8 ± 3.4 13.9 ± 3.8 0.134 13.3 ± 3.6 14.1 ± 3.3 0.255
Disease history
No 76.5% 81.3% 0.281 74.7% 77.6% 0.316
Yes 23.5% 18.7% 25.3% 22.4%
Drug use
No 84.7% 93.2% 0.092 84.1% 88.1% 0.102
Yes 15.3% 6.8% 15.9% 11.9%
Education
< Diploma 30.3% 25.8% 0.116 28.7% 27.1% 0.521
Diploma 37.8% 35.6% 35.6% 38.3%
Bachelor 23.5% 28.2% 24.8% 25.9%
> Bachelor 8.4% 10.4% 10.9% 8.7%
Physical activity (MET-min/week) 3631 ± 5145 2557 ± 2304 0.080 3512 ± 3480 3813 ± 2544 0.447
Energy (kcal) 2643 ± 509 2474 ± 707 0.137 2243 ± 598 2039 ± 712 0.069
Carbohydrate (g) 333 ± 76 359 ± 123 0.173 285.5 ± 82 280 ± 107 0.758
Protein (g) 73.1 ± 18.1 84.1 ± 29.9 0.017 64.5 ± 22.6 70.8 ± 28.4 0.694
Fat (g) 117 ± 24.5 84 ± 35.3 < 0.001 98.5 ± 28 79.4 ± 44.7 0.002
Cigarette
No 91.2% 94.2% 0.8 94.8% 90.8% 0.83
Yes 8.8% 5.8% 5.2% 9.2%