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Table 4 The prognostic value of cut-off points of HGS and LMI for all-cause mortality in the validation cohort (n = 327)

From: The cut-off values of handgrip strength and lean mass index for sarcopenia among patients on peritoneal dialysis

Groups Model 1 Model 2
HR (95% CI) P HR (95% CI) P
HGS (kg) groups   
 ≥ 24.5 (M)/14.0 (F) (n = 183) Reference Reference
 < 24.5 (M)/14.0 (F) (n = 144) 3.37 (2.37, 4.80)  < 0.001 1.96 (1.35, 2.84)  < 0.001
LMI (kg/m2) groups   
 ≥ 16.7 (M)/13.8 (F) (n = 195) Reference Reference
 < 16.7 (M)/13.8 (F) (n = 132) 1.91 (1.37, 2.65)  < 0.001 1.76 (1.26, 2.47) 0.001
HGS and LMI groups   
 HGS ≥ 24.5 (M)/14.0 (F) and LMI ≥ 16.7 (M)/13.8 (F) (n = 143) Reference Reference
 LMI < 16.7 (M)/13.8 (F) (n = 51) 1.24 (0.66, 2.34) 0.501 1.49 (0.79, 2.82) 0.217
 HGS < 24.5 (M)/14.0 (F) (n = 47) 3.00 (1.87, 4.80)  < 0.001 1.72 (1.05, 2.80) 0.030
 HGS < 24.5 (M)/14.0 (F) and LMI < 16.7 (M)/13.8 (F) (n = 86) 3.70 (2.45, 5.59)  < 0.001 2.49 (1.61, 3.85)  < 0.001
  1. Model 1: non-adjusted;
  2. Model 2: adjusted for age, DM, CVD, and serum albumin
  3. HGS hand grip strength, LMI lean mass index, M male, F female, DM, diabetes mellitus, CVD cardiovascular disease