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Table 4 Individual amino acids, total BCAA, total EAA, and total amino acid concentration maximum (CMax, µmol/L)

From: Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 improves amino acid absorption from milk protein

Amino Acid MPC MPC + BC30 MPC + BC30 vs. MPC
Mean SD Mean SD p value (t-test) % Difference ES (d) 95% CI
Arginine 105 25 121 24 0.008 15.0 0.63 (− 26.9, − 4.5)
Glutamine 688 65 701 81 0.373 1.9 0.18 (− 43.0, 16.6)
Citrulline 43 12 44 8 0.833 0.9 0.04 (− 3.5, 2.8)
Serine 131 21 141 25 0.008 7.8 0.44 (− 17.6, − 2.8)
Asparagine 131 21 106 23 0.561 − 2.8 − 0.12 (− 7.4, 13.4)
Glycine 261 61 277 23 0.049 6.3 0.24 (− 32.8, − 0.04)
Threonine 172 33 177 34 0.476 2.7 0.14 (− 17.7, 8.4)
Alanine 416 99 441 92 0.076 6.2 0.27 (− 54.7, 2.9)
Ornithine 78 16 88 21 0.016 12.6 0.53 (− 17.7, − 2.0)
Methionine 42 7 45 6 0.039 7.1 0.44 (− 5.8, − 0.2)
Proline 314 64 331 56 0.163 5.6 0.29 (− 42.7, 7.5)
Lysine 272 40 288 51 0.056 5.9 0.35 (− 32.5, 0.4)
Aspartic acid 6.3 2.3 7.4 5.2 0.302 17.5 0.27 (− 3.3, 1.1)
Histidine 97 12 98 10 0.348 1.9 0.16 (− 5.6, 2.1)
Valine 462 64 493 101 0.057 6.7 0.37 (− 62.9, 1.0)
Glutamic acid 46 16 54 22 0.021 17.8 0.43 (− 14.9, − 1.3)
Tryptophan 122 25 130 33 0.34 6.0 0.25 (− 22.0, 7.3)
Leucine 275 41 297 62 0.038 8.1 0.42 (− 43.3, − 1.3)
Phenylalanine 89 16 95 13 0.030 7.0 0.42 (− 11.6, − 0.6)
Isoleucine 142 20 154 30 0.042 8.1 0.45 (− 22.6, − 0.4)
Cysteine 21 8 23 9 0.372 9.7 0.23 (− 6.4, 2.5)
Tyrosine 111 18 121 25 0.024 8.8 0.44 (− 18.4, − 1.4)
Total BCAA 882 119 942 186 0.055 6.8 0.38 (− 121, 1.3)
Total EAA 1490 170 1589 248 0.020 6.6 0.47 (− 182, − 17)
Total Amino Acids 3769 775 4042 455 0.003 6.1 0.61 (− 390, − 90)
  1. Data provided is means ± SD. Italic-face font = between-group difference (p < 0.05). CMax = Maximum observed concentration (in μmol/L) for each condition for each participant who completed study trial