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Table 5 Individual amino acids, total BCAA, total EAA, and total amino acid time (minutes) to maximum concentration (TMax)

From: Bacillus coagulans GBI-30, 6086 improves amino acid absorption from milk protein

Amino acid MPC MPC + BC30 MPC + BC30 vs. MPC
Mean SD Mean SD p value (t-test) % Difference ES (d) 95% CI
Arginine 46 23 43 20 0.541 − 6.5 − 0.14 (− 6.9, 12.9)
Glutamine 80 57 45 22 0.002 − 43.8 − 0.82 (13.8, 56.2)
Citrulline 93 59 52 49 0.001 − 44.1 − 0.76 (17.7, 64.3)
Serine 49 27 40 20 0.095 − 18.4 − 0.38 (− 1.7, 19.7)
Asparagine 50 27 45 31 0.524 − 10.0 − 0.17 (− 10.9, 20.9)
Glycine 47 44 39 43 0.451 − 17.0 − 0.18 (− 13.4, 29.4)
Threonine 63 44 44 30 0.032 − 30.2 − 0.55 (1.7, 36.3)
Alanine 78 49 54 42 0.023 − 30.8 − 0.53 (3.5, 44.5)
Ornithine 72 44 61 29 0.271 − 15.3 − 0.30 (− 9.1, 31.1)
Methionine 49 27 44 25 0.393 − 10.2 − 0.19 (− 6.8, 16.8)
Proline 53 27 49 23 0.502 − 7.5 − 0.16 (− 8.0, 16.0)
Lysine 48 27 44 23 0.502 − 8.3 − 0.16 (− 8.0, 16.0)
Aspartic acid 74 76 73 71 0.954 − 1.4 − 0.01 (− 34.2, 36.2)
Histidine 51 26 42 17 0.107 − 17.6 − 0.41 (− 2.1, 20.1)
Valine 57 26 48 27 0.174 − 15.8 − 0.35 (− 4.2, 22.2)
Glutamic acid 72 69 66 64 0.721 − 8.3 − 0.09 (− 28.0, 40.0)
Tryptophan 56 28 54 27 0.794 − 3.6 − 0.07 (− 13.5, 17.5)
Leucine 46 26 43 26 0.573 − 6.5 − 0.12 (− 7.7, 13.7)
Phenylalanine 48 27 47 26 0.861 − 2.1 − 0.04 (− 10.6, 12.6)
Isoleucine 47 26 43 22 0.459 − 8.5 − 0.17 (− 6.9, 14.9)
Cysteine 49 29 42 41 0.519 − 14.3 − 0.20 (− 15.0, 29.0)
Tyrosine 52 27 46 27 0.297 − 11.5 − 0.22 (− 5.5, 17.5)
Total BCAA 46 26 41 19 0.231 − 10.9 − 0.22 (− 3.4, 13.4)
Total EAA 47 26 45 26 0.712 − 4.3 − 0.08 (− 9.0, 13.0)
Total Amino Acids 48 27 43 22 0.378 − 10.4 − 0.20 (− 6.4, 16.4)
  1. Values inside table are the calculated means ± SD for each respective TMax value. Italic-face font = between-group difference (p < 0.05). TMax = Timepoint (in minutes) at which maximum concentration was observed