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Table 2 Ingredient composition and calculated nutrient contents of basal diets (as-fed basis)

From: Effect of advanced chelate technology based trace minerals on growth performance, mineral digestibility, tibia characteristics, and antioxidant status in broiler chickens

Item Starter (day 0–10) Grower (day 10–24) Finisher (day 24–42)
Ingredients (%)
 Corn 55.56 57.86 61.04
 Soybean meal, 44% 32.12 30.11 26.45
 Corn gluten meal, 60% 5.28 4.22 3.24
 Soybean oil 2.20 3.50 4.80
 Dicalcium phosphate 1.95 1.71 1.50
 Limestone 1.16 1.07 1.00
 Salt (NaCl) 0.22 0.23 0.20
 Sodium bicarbonate 0.11 0.10 0.14
 Vitamin premix1 0.25 0.25 0.25
 Trace mineral premix2 0–0.25 0–0.25 0–0.25
 dl-Methionine 0.26 0.23 0.22
 l-Lysine HCl 0.43 0.32 0.28
 l-Threonine 0.21 0.15 0.13
 TiO2 0.50
 Building sand 0–0.25 0–0.25 0–0.25
 Total 100 100 100
Calculated nutritive value
 Metabolizable energy, kcal/kg 3000 3100 3200
 Crude protein (%) 23.0 21.5 19.5
 Calcium (%) 0.96 0.87 0.79
 Nonphytate phosphorus (%) 0.48 0.44 0.40
 Sodium (%) 0.16 0.16 0.16
 Digestible lysine (%) 1.28 1.15 1.03
 Digestible methionine (%) 0.62 0.55 0.51
 Digestible methionine + cysteine (%) 0.95 0.87 0.80
 Digestible threonine (%) 0.86 0.77 0.69
 DEB3, mEq/kg 250 240 230
Analysed values4
 Crude fat (%) 4.70 ± 0.09 6.10 ± 0.10 7.36 ± 0.12
 Crude fiber (%) 3.64 ± 0.06 3.53 ± 0.08 3.41 ± 0.05
 TiO24 (%) 0.49 ± 0.01
 Magnesium (%) 0.18 ± 0.007 0.17 ± 0.010 0.16 ± 0.009
 Potassium (%) 0.93 ± 0.016 0.90 ± 0.012 0.85 ± 0.019
 Sodium (%) 0.15 ± 0.006 0.16 ± 0.011 0.15 ± 0.008
  1. 1Supplied per kg diet: 18 mg retinol, 4 mg cholecalciferol, 36 mg a-tocopherol acetate, 2 mg vitamin K3, 1.75 mg vitamin B1, 6.6 mg vitamin B2, 9.8 mg niacin, 29.65 mg pantothenic acid, 2.94 mg vitamin B6, 1 mg folic acid, 0.015 mg vitamin B12, 0.1 mg biotin, 250 mg choline chloride and 1 mg ethoxyquin
  2. 2The trace mineral (TM) supplementation were referred to our experimental design. The TM premixes were added in place of the building sand that is used as inert filler to adjust the formulation
  3. 3DEB (dietary electrolyte balance) = (Na+, mEq/kg + K+, mEq/kg) − CL, mEq/kg
  4. 4Mean and standard deviation of 3 samples/diet (without any supplement)