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Table 3 Diet-induced changes in carbohydrates

From: Differential ketogenic diet-induced shift in CSF lipid/carbohydrate metabolome of pediatric epilepsy patients with optimal vs. no anticonvulsant response: a pilot study

   During diet/Prediet
Compound Family Compound optimal response no response
Glycolysis 1,5-anhydroglucitol 0.57** 0.47**
Glucose 0.83*** 0.93
Lactate 0.96 1.05
Glycerate 1.12 0.99
Pyruvate 1.18*** 1.93
Hexose Metabolism Galactitol (dulcitol) 0.67** 0.87
Sorbose 0.71* 8.04**
Sorbitol 1.11 1.27
Fructose 1.13 1.46**
Mannose 1.52*** 1.35***
Mannitol 1.66*** 1.70**
Pentose Metabolism Threitol 0.61* 0.74*
Xylitol 0.94 0.92
Ribitol 1.04 0.97
Xylose 1.12 1.04
Ribose 1.18 1.12
Ribulose 1.37* 1.16
Xylonate 1.38** 1.15
Arabitol 1.54*** 1.48**
Arabinose 2.38*** 1.63***
Aminosugar Metabolism Erythronate 0.84* 0.77**
N-acetylneuraminate 0.98 0.93
Glucuronate 1.04 1.04
Advanced Glycation End-product Erythrulose 1.3 0.58*
  1. Ratios are fold changes from during KD compared to before KD. Compounds are grouped by compound family, and by optimal response ratio within that family. Significant increases are indicated with bold, significant decreases with italics. False-discovery rates: *0.10 < q < 0.20, **0.05 < q < 0.10, ***q < 0.05