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Table 3 Weighted prevalence of abnormal metabolic outcome by breakfast consumption

From: Association between breakfast skipping and metabolic outcomes by sex, age, and work status stratification

  Number of metabolic abnormalities, Regular / Irregular breakfast, % of row (standard errors) p-value
0 1 2 3 4 5  
Total participants (n = 27,627,602) 37.3 (0.4)/ 40.7 (0.3) 25.6 (0.3)/ 25.8 (0.3) 16.8 (0.2)/ 15.9 (0.2) 11.0 (0.2)/ 10.1 (0.2) 6.9 (0.1)/ 5.3 (0.1) 2.3 (0.1)/ 2.1 (0.1) <.0001
Men (n = 13,597,358) 32.6 (0.5)/ 33.0 (0.5) 22.9 (0.4)/ 24.2 (0.3) 18.9 (0.3)/ 18.7 (0.3) 13.4 (0.3)/ 13.5 (0.3) 9.0 (0.2)/ 7.6 (0.2) 3.2 (0.1)/ 3.0 (0.1) 0.3096
Younger aged Men (n = 5,534,982) 42.2 (0.8)/ 36.1 (0.8) 25.4 (0.6)/ 26.0 (0.7) 17.6 (0.5)/ 18.0 (0.7) 8.7 (0.3)/ 11.6 (0.5) 5.1 (0.3)/ 6.3 (0.4) 1.0 (0.1)/ 2.0 (0.2) 0.0067
Middle aged Men (n = 8,062,377) 29.1 (0.6)/ 29.1 (0.5) 22.0 (0.5)/ 21.8 (0.4) 19.4 (0.5)/ 19.6 (0.4) 15.1 (0.4)/ 15.9 (0.4) 10.4 (0.4)/ 9.2 (0.3) 4.0 (0.2)/ 4.3 (0.2) 0.8014
Women (n = 14,030,244) 41.8 (0.5)/ 48.5 (0.5) 28.2 (0.4)/ 27.5 (0.4) 14.8 (0.3)/ 13.0 (0.3) 8.8 (0.2)/ 6.6 (0.2) 5.1 (0.2)/ 3.1 (0.1) 1.5 (0.1)/ 1.2 (0.1) <.0001
Younger aged Women (n = 5,408,303) 58.1 (0.7)
/ 57.4 (0.9)
26.6 (0.5)
/ 26.3 (0.6)
10.3 (0.3)
/ 10.6 (0.4)
3.1 (0.2)
/ 3.9 (0.3)
1.3 (0.1)
/ 1.3 (0.1)
0.6 (0.1)
/ 0.5 (0.1)
0.8674
Middle aged Women (n = 8,621,941) 35.8 (0.6)
/ 38.7 (0.5)
28.7 (0.5)
/ 28.9 (0.4)
16.4 (0.4)
/ 15.7 (0.3)
10.9 (0.3)
/ 9.6 (0.2)
6.4 (0.2)
/ 5.0 (0.2)
1.8 (0.1)
/ 2.0 (0.1)
0.0516
Non-working population (n = 14,787,523) 39.6 (0.5)
/ 42.6 (0.4)
26.1 (0.4)
/ 25.6 (0.3)
15.3 (0.3)
/ 15.1 (0.3)
10.3 (0.2)
/ 9.2 (0.2)
6.6 (0.2)
/ 5.3 (0.2)
2.1 (0.1)
/ 2.2 (0.1)
0.0165
Men (n = 6,443,456) 37.4 (0.7)
/ 37.3 (0.7)
22.8 (0.6)
/ 23.6 (0.5)
15.6 (0.5)
/ 17.4 (0.5)
12.5 (0.4)
/ 11.7 (0.4)
8.5 (0.3)
/ 7.1 (0.3)
3.1 (0.2)
/ 3.0 (0.2)
0.4675
Younger aged Men (n = 1,990,178) 44.1 (1.3)
/ 38.1 (1.5)
26.8 (1.0)
/ 26.8 (1.2)
14.9 (0.8)
/ 17.0 (1.1)
8.3 (0.5)
/ 10.6 (0.8)
5.5 (0.5)
/ 5.6 (0.7)
0.4 (0.1)
/ 1.9 (0.3)
0.2059
Middle aged Men (n = 4,453,278) 35.8 (0.8)
/ 36.6 (0.7)
21.9 (0.7)
/ 20.9 (0.5)
15.9 (0.6)
/ 17.7 (0.5)
13.5 (0.6)
/ 12.6 (0.4)
9.3 (0.5)
/ 8.3 (0.3)
3.7 (0.3)
/ 3.9 (0.2)
0.7652
Women (n = 8,344,068) 41.2 (0.6)
/ 46.8 (0.6)
28.6 (0.5)
/ 27.2 (0.5)
15.1 (0.4)
/ 13.2 (0.3)
8.7 (0.3)
/ 7.2 (0.2)
5.1 (0.2)
/ 3.9 (0.2)
1.4 (0.1)
/ 1.6 (0.1)
0.0003
Younger aged Women (n = 2,754,380) 55.9 (1.0)
/ 56.0 (1.1)
26.9 (0.7)
/ 25.3 (0.9)
11.8 (0.5)
/ 11.3 (0.6)
3.1 (0.2)
/ 5.0 (0.4)
1.5 (0.1)
/ 1.8 (0.2)
0.9 (0.2)
/ 0.6 (0.2)
0.4899
Middle aged Women (n = 5,589,687) 36.9 (0.7)
/ 38.5 (0.6)
29.1 (0.6)
/ 29.0 (0.5)
16.1 (0.5)
/ 15.0 (0.4)
10.2 (0.4)
/ 9.3 (0.3)
6.1 (0.3)
/ 5.8 (0.2)
1.5 (0.1)
/ 2.4 (0.1)
0.2629
Working population (n = 12,840,079) 34.4 (0.5)
/ 38.9 (0.5)
25.0 (0.4)
/ 26.1 (0.4)
18.7 (0.3)
/ 16.6 (0.3)
11.9 (0.3)
/ 10.9 (0.3)
7.4 (0.2)
/ 5.4 (0.2)
2.6 (0.1)
/ 2.1 (0.1)
<.0001
Men (n = 7,153,902) 27.6 (0.6)
/ 29.7 (0.6)
23.0 (0.5)
/ 24.6 (0.6)
22.2 (0.5)
/ 19.7 (0.5)
14.3 (0.4)
/ 14.9 (0.5)
9.4 (0.3)
/ 8.0 (0.3)
3.4 (0.2)
/ 3.0 (0.2)
0.1410
Younger aged Men (n = 3,544,804) 41.0 (0.9)
/ 34.9 (1.0)
24.6 (0.7)
/ 25.5 (1.0)
19.2 (0.6)
/ 18.5 (0.8)
8.9 (0.4)
/ 12.2 (0.7)
4.8 (0.3)
/ 6.7 (0.5)
1.4 (0.2)
/ 2.1 (0.3)
0.0458
Middle aged Men (n = 3,609,098) 20.8 (0.8)
/ 20.0 (0.6)
22.2 (0.8)
/ 23.0 (0.6)
23.8 (0.8)
/ 21.8 (0.6)
17.1 (0.7)
/ 20.0 (0.6)
11.8 (0.6)
/ 10.3 (0.6)
4.4 (0.4)
/ 4.9 (0.3)
0.4969
Women (n = 5,686,176) 42.8 (0.7)
/ 50.5 (0.8)
27.5 (0.6)
/ 27.9 (0.6)
14.2 (0.4)
/ 12.8 (0.4)
9.0 (0.3)
/ 5.9 (0.3)
5.0 (0.2)
/ 2.1 (0.2)
1.6 (0.1)
/ 0.8 (0.1)
<.0001
Younger aged Women (n = 2,653,923) 60.5 (1.0)
/ 58.8 (1.3)
26.3 (0.7)
/ 27.2 (0.9)
8.7 (0.4)
/ 9.9 (0.6)
3.1 (0.2)
/ 2.9 (0.3)
1.2 (0.1)
/ 0.8 (0.2)
0.3 (0.1)
/ 0.4 (0.1)
0.8927
Middle aged Women (n = 3,032,254) 33.5 (0.8)
/ 38.9 (0.8)
28.1 (0.8)
/ 28.8 (0.7)
17.1 (0.6)
/ 16.8 (0.5)
12.1 (0.5)
/ 10.2 (0.4)
7.0 (0.4)
/ 3.9 (0.3)
2.3 (0.2)
/ 1.4 (0.1)
0.0033