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Table2 Distribution of characteristics and dietary intakes across dietary antioxidant quality score (DAQS) categoriesa, b (n = 177)

From: Validation of Dietary Antioxidant Index (DAI) and investigating the relationship between DAI and the odds of gastric cancer

Characteristics Mean ± SD p value
DAQS ≤ 3 (n = 88) DAQS > 3 (n = 89)
Age (years) 49.59 ± 11.30 50.07 ± 11.45 0.79
Weight (kg) 59.93 ± 7.47 59.10 ± 7.36 0.48
Height (cm) 165.86 ± 8.31 167.74 ± 7.70 0.15
BMI (k/m2) 25.95 ± 4.21 24.85 ± 3.62 0.09
TNF-a (pg/ml) 30.74 ± 26.09 27.51 ± 24.88 0.44
TG (mg/dl) 139.40 ± 57.50 136.24 ± 58.63 0.73
HDL (mg/dl) 46.66 ± 10.60 47.91 ± 12.37 0.49
LDL (mg/dl) 100.05 ± 30.18 104.98 ± 31.35 0.32
Energy intake (kcal/day) 3006.24 ± 592.47 2990.36 ± 570.30 0.86
Protein (gr/day) 106.21 ± 37.52 104.24 ± 44.34 0.76
Carbohydrate (gr/day) 378.92 ± 122.43 371.84 ± 101.38 0.70
Total Fat Intake (gr/day) 111.97 ± 39.12 114.25 ± 36.30 0.71
Saturated fatty acid (gr/day) 45.56 ± 33.90 47.56 ± 31.61 0.71
Monounsaturated fat (gr/day) 29.31 ± 10.91 30.95 ± 9.44 0.33
PUFA (gr/day) 30.49 ± 19.01 28.49 ± 18.64 0.51
MUFA 18 1 (gr/day) 23.25 ± 10.07 24.76 ± 9.40 0.34
PUFA 18 2 (gr/day) 25.00 ± 18.30 22.85 ± 18.05 0.47
PUFA 18 3 (gr/day) 3.70 ± 2.25 4.14 ± 2.00 0.22
Sodium (mg/day) 4109.37 ± 1664.42 3723.29 ± 1381.93 0.11
Potassium (mg/day) 3910.73 ± 1306.06 3692.42 ± 1276.97 0.30
Vitamin A (Microgram/day) 565.66 ± 243.72 821.25 ± 375.33 < 0.01
Beta-carotene(Microgram/day) 5250.19 ± 2197.20 5152.00 ± 2145.91 0.78
Alfa-carotene (Microgram/day) 818.54 ± 446.58 784.44 ± 390.25 0.62
Lutein (Microgram/day) 2241.78 ± 1006.68 2566.62 ± 1459.05 0.08
Beta-cryptox (Microgram/day) 338.73 ± 160.31 320.51 ± 172.22 0.49
Lycopene (Microgram/day) 5047.17 ± 2329.06 5333.80 ± 2126.44 0.43
Vitamin C (mg/day) 149.66 ± 62.20 175.31 ± 70.63 < 0.01
Calcium (mg/day) 1225.30 ± 466.16 1162.47 ± 347.51 0.37
Iron (mg/day) 18.62 ± 5.87 19.80 ± 5.18 0.18
Vitamin D (Microgram/day) 2.14 ± 1.59 2.30 ± 1.66 0.56
Vitamin E (mg/day) 16.69 ± 6.61 23.89 ± 8.41 < 0.01
Alfa-tocopherol (mg/day) 7.47 ± 4.70 11.36 ± 5.01 < 0.01
Thiamin (mg/day) 2.20 ± 0.93 2.14 ± 0.80 0.70
Riboflavin (mg/day) 2.12 ± 0.72 2.24 ± 0.79 0.33
Niacin (mg/day) 28.40 ± 9.76 31.65 ± 11.51 0.05
Vitamin B6 (mg/day) 2.41 ± 0.93 2.51 ± 0.94 0.48
Folate (Microgram/day) 692.70 ± 236.78 679.14 ± 238.61 0.72
Vitamin B12 (Microgram/day) 5.54 ± 3.50 5.47 ± 2.78 0.89
Biotin (Microgram/day) 38.42 ± 12.82 37.65 ± 14.59 0.72
Pantothenic (mg/day) 7.25 ± 2.57 8.24 ± 2.68 0.02
Vitamin K (Microgram/day) 297.55 ± 152.78 255.96 ± 142.10 0.08
  1. kg kilogram, cm centimeter, BMI Body Mass Index, k/m2 kilogram per square meter, TNF-a Tumor necrosis factor alpha, pg/ml pictogram per milliliter, mg/dl milligram per deciliter, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, gr gram, Mufa Monounsaturated fat, Pufa Polyunsaturated fatty acid, mg milligram, gr gram
  2. aComparison of mean of case and control groups in case of a normal distribution of variables by the t-test and abnormal distribution of variables by the Mann–Whitney test
  3. bChi-square was used for categorical variables