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Table 1 Characteristics of the study participants according to gender among non-overweight/obese adults

From: Novel and traditional anthropometric indices for identifying metabolic syndrome in non-overweight/obese adults

Variables Total (n = 2916) Male (n = 1215) Female (n = 1701) p value
Age(years) 47.04 ± 10.38 47.91 ± 10.70 46.41 ± 10.11 < 0.001
Education
 Low (< 9 y) 711(24.4%) 254(20.9%) 457(26.9%) < 0.001
 Middle (9–12 y) 1035(35.5%) 439(36.1%) 596(35.0%) < 0.001
 High (> 12 y) 1170(40.1%) 522(43.0%) 648(38.1%) < 0.001
 Height (cm) 164.06 ± 7.96 170.78 ± 5.89 159.26 ± 5.36  < 0.001
 Weight (kg) 57.68 ± 7.73 63.64 ± 6.42 53.39 ± 5.42 < 0.001
 WC (cm) 77.33 ± 7.42 82.08 ± 5.87 73.95 ± 6.49 < 0.001
 WHtR 0.47 ± 0.04 0.48 ± 0.03 0.46 ± 0.04 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 21.36 ± 1.77 21.80 ± 1.64 21.05 ± 1.78 < 0.001
 AVI 12.22 ± 2.21 13.64 ± 1.85 11.20 ± 1.87 < 0.001
 ABSI 0.0784 ± 0.004 0.0805 ± 0.0038 0.0769 ± 0.0049 < 0.001
 WWI 10.20 ± 0.64 10.30 ± 0.54 10.13 ± 0.70 < 0.001
 BRI 2.87 ± 0.71 3.03 ± 0.61 2.76 ± 0.75 < 0.001
SBP (mmHg) 116.55 ± 15.97 119.18 ± 14.46 114.68 ± 16.72 < 0.001
DBP (mmHg) 69.42 ± 10.48 72.20 ± 10.30 67.44 ± 10.16 < 0.001
FBG (mmol/L) 5.18 ± 0.90 5.31 ± 1.08 5.09 ± 0.74 < 0.001
TC (mmol/L) 4.77 ± 0.94 4.82 ± 0.96 4.74 ± 0.93 0.038
TG (mmol/L) 1.38 ± 1.18 1.63 ± 1.45 1.21 ± 0.91 < 0.001
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.34 ± 0.33 1.23 ± 0.31 1.43 ± 0.32 < 0.001
LDL-C (mmol/L) 2.62 ± 0.72 2.70 ± 0.73 2.57 ± 0.72 < 0.001
CRP (mg/L) 1.17 ± 3.04 1.43 ± 3.91 0.99 ± 2.19 < 0.001
UA (umol/L) 316.74 ± 79.67 374.34 ± 71.46 275.60 ± 56.31 < 0.001
High BP level (n, %) 663(22.7%) 307(25.3%) 356(20.9%) 0.006
Abdominal obesity (n, %) 195(6.7%) 101(8.3%) 94(5.5%) 0.003
Dysglycemia (n, %) 188(6.4%) 109(9.0%) 79(4.6%) < 0.001
High TG level (n, %) 630(21.65%) 381(31.4%) 249(14.6%) < 0.001
Low HDL-C level (n, %) 389(13.3%) 284(23.4%) 105(6.2%) < 0.001
MetS (n,%) 143(4.9%) 92(7.6%) 51 (3.0%) < 0.001
  1. p value, means the differences between groups according to gender among non-overweight/obese adults
  2. WC waist circumference, WtHR waist-to-height ratio, BMI body mass index, AVI abdominal volume index, ABSI a body shape index, WWI weight adjusted waist index, BRI body roundness index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FBG fasting blood glucose, TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL-C HDL cholesterol, LDL-C LDL cholesterol, CRP C-reactive protein, UA uric acid, MetS metabolic syndrome