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Table 5 Incidence of NAFLD in relation to neck circumference (n = 1354)

From: Neck circumference as an independent predictor for NAFLD among postmenopausal women with normal body mass index

NAFLD Neck circumference
Highest tertile versus lowest tertile Per 1 SD, as continuous variable
Reference HR (95% CI) p for trend HR (95% CI) p value
Model 1 1.00 2.16 (1.60–2.92) < 0.001 1.44 (1.27–1.65) < 0.001
Model 2 1.00 1.79 (1.31–2.46) < 0.001 1.36 (1.21–1.58) < 0.001
Model 3 1.00 1.66 (1.21–2.27) < 0.001 1.30 (1.13–1.49) < 0.001
Model 4 1.00 1.51 (1.17–2.09) 0.001 1.25 (1.12–1.44) 0.002
Model 5 1.00 1.42 (1.15–1.97) 0.004 1.22 (1.10–1.41) 0.006
  1. Model 1 was adjusted for age, smoking status, physical activity, and educational attainment. Model 2 was further adjusted for BMI and waist circumference. Model 3 was further adjusted for HOMA-IR, CRP, and adiponectin. Model 4 was further adjusted for model 3 variables and fasting glucose, post-loading plasma glucose, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure. Model 5 was further adjusted for lipid profiles and liver enzymes