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Table 1 Participants’ demographic and risk factors by grade of asymptomatic diverticular disease

From: Dietary habits and the presence and degree of asymptomatic diverticular disease by magnetic resonance imaging in a Western population: a population-based cohort study

  All No diverticular disease Mild diverticular disease Advanced diverticular disease p value (all) p value advanced versus no diverticular disease
N = 308 N = 185 (60.1%) N = 76 (24.7%) N = 47 (15.3%)
Age (years) 56.4 ± 9.1 54.5 ± 8.7 57.0 ± 9.2 62.9 ± 7.2  < 0.001  < 0.001
Men 172 (55.8%) 102 (55.1%) 40 (52.6%) 30 (63.8%) 0.456 0.726
BMI (kg/m2) 28.0 ± 5.0 27.6 ± 5.0 27.4 ± 4.3 30.5 ± 5.3 0.001 0.001
 Normal 89 (28.9%) 56 (30.3%) 25 (32.9%) 8 (17.0%) 0.004 0.007
 Overweight 127 (41.2%) 78 (42.2%) 35 (46.1%) 14 (29.8%)
 Obese 92 (29.9%) 51 (27.6%) 16 (21.1%) 25 (53.2%)
Alcohol (g/d) 18.2 ± 23.9 17.8 ± 24.9 18.5 ± 23.0 19.7 ± 21.2 0.879 0.623
Physical activity
 Inactive 122 (39.6%) 72 (38.9%) 32 (42.1%) 18 (38.3%) 0.874 1.000
 Active 186 (60.4%) 113 (61.1%) 44 (57.9%) 29 (61.7%)   
Smoking
 Never-smoker 114 (37.0%) 72 (38.9%) 26 (34.2%) 16 (34.0%) 0.568 0.279
 Ex-smoker 135 (43.8%) 76 (41.1%) 34 (44.7%) 25 (53.2%)   
 Smoker 59 (19.2%) 37 (20.0%) 16 (21.1%) 6 (12.8%)   
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 217.4 ± 36.3 212.9 ± 34.9 222.1 ± 39.1 227.7 ± 35.0 0.019 0.025
HDL cholesterol (mg/dl) 62.5 ± 17.8 63.0 ± 17.7 63.7 ± 19.2 58.2 ± 15.3 0.199 0.196
LDL cholesterol (mg(dl) 139.2 ± 33.5 133.9 ± 33.5 143.8 ± 33.3 152.6 ± 29.8 0.001 0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 128.2 ± 79.7 126.9 ± 88.7 120.7 ± 67.4 145.2 ± 55.6 0.240 0.321
Vitamin D (ng/ml) 23.1 ± 11.4 22.2 ± 11.5 24.8 ± 11.3 24.2 ± 10.8 0.196 0.557
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.0 ± 16.4 117.6 ± 15.6 120.5 ± 17.6 128.9 ± 14.6  < 0.001  < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74.8 ± 10.0 74.6 ± 9.3 73.8 ± 11.3 77.5 ± 10.0 0.111 0.143
Antihypertensive medication 84 (27.3%) 34 (18.4%) 24 (31.6%) 26 (55.3%)  < 0.001  < 0.001
Antithrombotic drugs 20 (6.5%) 4 (2.2%) 11 (14.5%) 5 (10.6%)  < 0.001 0.037
  1. Bold values denote statistical significance at the p < 0.05 level
  2. Variables as mean and standard deviation or number and percentage. p values from t-test or χ2-test, where appropriate. BMI = body mass index, HDL = high-density lipoprotein, LDL = low-density lipoprotein