Skip to main content

Table 2 Performance and psychological indicators of participants before and after performing the intervention

From: The high dose of vitamin D supplementation combined with yoga training improve the leukocytes cell survival-related gene expression in breast cancer survivors

Variable Group Pre Post % change P within P between
Vitamin D (IU) HD 41.2 ± 16.2 53.5 ± 15.9 34.62 0.001 0.005
  Y + HD 44.8 ± 13.1 57.5 ± 12.3 32.17# 0.001  
  Y + LD 43.4 ± 15.1 49.3 ± 16.2 15.69* 0.001  
Body fat percentage (%) HD 37.0 ± 4.4 36.8 ± 4.3  − 0.52 0.343 0.003
  Y + HD 34.8 ± 3.3 33.4 ± 2.9  − 3.94* 0.003  
  Y + LD 37.0 ± 4.1 35.3 ± 4.3  − 4.67* 0.001  
Rockport walk test (s) HD 1129.7 ± 118.0 1132.2 ± 106.8 0.33 0.774 0.001
  Y + HD 1106.1 ± 84.5 1048.9 ± .32.2  − 5.00* 0.018  
  Y + LD 1112.2 ± 46.9 1059.1 ± 46.9  − 4.75* 0.001  
Shoulder flexibility (˚)       
Ips HD 125.4 ± 18.0 125.4 ± 17.8 0.04 0.991 Ips:
Con   231.1 ± 19.1 231.1 ± 18.9 0.01 0.991 0.002
Ips Y + HD 125.9 ± 14.0 139.8 ± 12.8 11.9* 0.013 Con:
Con   234.1 ± 14.0 220.2 ± 12.8  − 5.8* 0.013 0.005
Ips Y + LD 127.7 ± 11.7 138.8 ± 8.9 9.1* 0.001  
Con   230.8 ± 10.8 220.7 ± 8.5  − 4.3* 0.001  
Anxiety (U.A) HD 16.3 ± 9.3 16.1 ± 9.1 0.02 0.343 0.001
  Y + HD 17.3 ± 9.5 8.1 ± 6.4  − 56.53* 0.003  
  Y + LD 14.2 ± 9.1 6.8 ± 5.1  − 49.44* 0.002  
Cortisol (μg/dl) HD 16.2 ± 5.8 21.9 ± 9.4 33.5 0.073 0.397
  Y + HD 16.3 ± 4.7 19.8 ± 6.5 19.3 0.084  
  Y + LD 20.0 ± 6.5 22.2 ± 5.3 15.3 0.198  
  1. HD, high dose of vitamin D group; Y + HD, yoga with a high dose of vitamin D group; Y + LD, yoga with a low dose of vitamin D group. Ips, Ipsilateral, Con; Contralateral
  2. *Significant difference with HD group
  3. #Significant difference with Y + LVD group