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Table 4 Cox proportional hazards regression analysis for long-term all-cause mortality

From: Prevalence and prognostic significance of malnutrition in diabetic patients with coronary artery disease: a cohort study

  Univariate Multivariate
HR(95%CI) p-value HR(95%CI) p-value
Mild Malnutrition 1.45 (1.30–1.61)  < 0.001 1.38 (1.07, 1.77) 0.012
Moderate to Severe Malnutrition 2.65 (2.35–2.99)  < 0.001 1.63 (1.18, 2.24) 0.003
Age 1.03 (1.03, 1.04)  < 0.001 1.03 (1.02, 1.04)  < 0.001
Female 0.96 (0.87, 1.06) 0.397 0.79 (0.63, 0.99) 0.04
Hypertension 1.23 (1.11, 1.35)  < 0.001 1.14 (0.90, 1.43) 0.272
Stroke 1.59 (1.38, 1.84)  < 0.001 1.09 (0.79, 1.50) 0.599
CHF 2.85 (2.56, 3.17)  < 0.001 2.17 (1.71, 2.76)  < 0.001
AF 2.05 (1.69, 2.48)  < 0.001 1.63 (1.10, 2.42) 0.015
CKD 2.51 (2.30, 2.75)  < 0.001 1.56 (1.26, 1.93)  < 0.001
Anemia 1.8 (1.65, 1.97)  < 0.001 1.22 (0.99, 1.51) 0.062
Dialysis history 6.07 (4.54, 8.10)  < 0.001 2.33 (1.17, 4.63) 0.016
HbA1c 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 0.308 1.06 (1.00, 1.12) 0.069
hs-CRP 1.01 (1.01, 1.01)  < 0.001 1.00 (1.00, 1.01) 0.259
HDL-C 0.76 (0.64, 0.91) 0.003 0.98 (0.64, 1.51) 0.935
ACEI/ARB 0.84 (0.77, 0.93)  < 0.001 0.90 (0.74, 1.09) 0.281
β-blockers 0.87 (0.78, 0.98) 0.024 1.31 (1.00, 1.73) 0.055
Aspirin 0.67 (0.58, 0.78)  < 0.001 0.99 (0.72, 1.37) 0.962
OADs 0.83 (0.76, 0.92)  < 0.001 0.98 (0.81, 1.20) 0.877
  1. CHF Congestive heart failure, AF atrial fibrillation, CKD chronic kidney disease, HbA1c glycosylated hemoglobin, hs-CRP hypersensitive C-reactive protein, HDL-C high density lipoprotein cholesterol, ACEI/ARB angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, OADs oral antidiabetic drugs