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Table 3 Stratified analysis for associations body shape with insulin resistance and cardiometabolic disorders by WHR

From: Associations of body shapes with insulin resistance and cardiometabolic risk in middle-aged and elderly Chinese

Body shape Insulin resistance Metabolic syndrome Elevated fasting blood glucose, including diabetes High blood pressure High triglycerides Low HDL cholesterol
Women       
Low WHR-low WTR-low WNR Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Low WHR-low WTR-high WNR 1.49 (0.89–1.75) 0.96 (0.70–1.33) 0.99 (0.74–1.34) 0.85 (0.65–1.12) 1.41 (1.08–1.85)* 1.09 (0.83–1.44)
Low WHR-high WTR-low WNR 2.10 (1.51–2.88)* 1.97 (1.47–2.65)* 1.77 (1.34–2.33)* 1.59 (1.18–2.14)* 1.57 (1.20–2.05)* 1.79 (1.37–2.33)*
Low WHR-high WTR-high WNR 2.09 (1.44–3.02)* 2.17 (1.53–3.06)* 2.32 (1.67–3.23)* 1.27 (0.88–1.84) 1.90 (1.38–2.63)* 1.15 (0.82–1.61)
High WHR-low WTR-low WNR Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
High WHR-low WTR-high WNR 0.95 (0.65–1.39) 1.01 (0.71–1.44) 1.05 (0.72–1.51) 1.15 (0.78–1.70) 1.00 (0.71–1.41) 0.83 (0.59–1.17)
High WHR-high WTR-low WNR 1.84 (1.28–2.64)* 1.39 (0.98–1.96) 1.79 (1.26–2.55)* 1.45 (0.97–2.16) 1.40 (1.00–1.95) 0.99 (0.71–1.39)
High WHR-high WTR-high WNR 1.41 (1.02–1.93)* 1.48 (1.10–2.00)* 1.49 (1.09–2.01)* 1.20 (0.86–1.67) 1.03 (0.78–1.38) 0.76 (0.58–1.03)
Men       
Low WHR-low WTR-low WNR Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
Low WHR-low WTR-high WNR 1.23 (0.76–1.98) 0.67 (0.41–1.10) 0.73 (0.51–1.05) 0.78 (0.55–1.11) 1.09 (0.75–1.59) 0.97 (0.62–1.53)
Low WHR-high WTR-low WNR 1.49 (0.91–2.44) 1.50 (0.96–2.34) 1.30 (0.91–1.85) 1.08 (0.74–1.58) 1.85 (1.27–2.69)* 1.30 (0.83–2.04)
Low WHR-high WTR-high WNR 2.41 (1.48–3.93)* 1.20 (0.73–2.00) 1.25 (0.84–1.87) 1.00 (0.65–1.54) 1.28 (0.82–1.98) 1.04 (0.61–1.77)
High WHR-low WTR-low WNR Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
High WHR-low WTR-high WNR 1.00 (0.62–1.61) 0.69 (0.44–1.09) 0.75 (0.40–1.14) 0.79 (0.49–1.27) 0.98 (0.64–1.51) 1.05 (0.66–1.65)
High WHR-high WTR-low WNR 1.42 (0.88–2.30) 1.07 (0.68–1.68) 0.99 (0.64–1.53) 1.56 (0.92–2.66) 1.00 (0.64–1.56) 0.99 (0.62–1.59)
High WHR-high WTR-high WNR 1.24 (0.83–1.87) 0.77 (0.53–1.14) 0.82 (0.57–1.18) 1.32 (0.86–2.01) 0.76 (0.53–1.10) 0.71 (0.47–1.05)
  1. Data were presented as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). P values were calculated from multivariable logistic regression analysis. Adjusted age (years), body mass index (kg/m2), current smoking (yes or no), current drinking (yes or no), and physical activity (MET-h/wk). According to the medians, WHR, WTR, and WNR were divided into high and low levels. The corresponding median value for WHR is 0.87 in women and 0.91 for men, for WTR is 1.66 in women and 1.74 for men, and for WNR is 2.48 in women and 2.34 in men
  2. *, P < 0.05; HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio; WTR, waist-to-thigh ratio; WNR, waist-to-neck ratio