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Table 4 Changes to plasma lipid profile in hamsters fed one of the five diets

From: Effects of hawthorn seed oil on plasma cholesterol and gut microbiota

  NCD HCD LHSO HHSO PCD
Week 0
 TC (mg/dL) 165.7 ± 27.2 163.5 ± 25.8 161.3 ± 15.2 167.8 ± 25.9 170.6 ± 21.5
 HDL-C (mg/dL) 137.1 ± 23.9 144.0 ± 20.8 135.6 ± 20.8 132.0 ± 33.2 134.0 ± 19.6
 nHDL-C (mg/dL) 28.5 ± 10.3 19.5 ± 24.9 25.7 ± 13.9 35.7 ± 19.5 36.5 ± 15.6
 TG (mg/dL) 59.8 ± 17.2 61.3 ± 11.6 68.3 ± 12.1 63.1 ± 10.0 71.9 ± 15.1
 nHDL-C/HDL-C 0.2 ± 0.0 0.1 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.1 0.3 ± 0.2 0.2 ± 0.1
 HDL-C/TC 0.8 ± 0.0 0.8 ± 0.1 0.8 ± 0.0 0.7 ± 0.1 0.7 ± 0.0
Week 6
 TC (mg/dL) 160.2 ± 22.7c 238.8 ± 20.9a 200.6 ± 14.4b 202.1 ± 28.1b 155.4 ± 9.8c
 HDL-C (mg/dL) 113.3 ± 15.1c 157.4 ± 16.4a 133.2 ± 11.1b 140.7 ± 18.4b 129.5 ± 3.9bc
 nHDL-C (mg/dL) 46.8 ± 12.4c 81.4 ± 12.0a 67.3 ± 16.3ab 61.4 ± 15.9bc 25.8 ± 9.0d
 TG (mg/dL) 97.5 ± 45.0b 184.6 ± 87.2a 150.3 ± 41.2ab 132.5 ± 47.4ab 121.9 ± 13.9ab
 nHDL-C/HDL-C 0.4 ± 0.1a 0.5 ± 0.1a 0.5 ± 0.1a 0.4 ± 0.1a 0.2 ± 0.0b
 HDL-C/TC 0.7 ± 0.0b 0.6 ± 0.0b 0.6 ± 0.0b 0.7 ± 0.0b 0.8 ± 0.0a
  1. TC, Plasma total cholesterol; HDL-C, High density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG, Triacylglycerol; nHDL-C, Non-HDL cholesterol; NCD, Non-cholesterol diet; HCD, 0.15% Cholesterol diet; LHSO, Hawthorn seed oil substituting 50% lard; HHSO, Hawthorn seed oil substituting 100% lard; PCD, HCD with 0.5% cholestyramine
  2. Data is expressed as mean ± S.D., where different letters in superscript indicate statistical difference, p < 0.05