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Table 5 Daily excretion of fecal neutral and acidic sterol in hamsters fed one of the five diets

From: Effects of hawthorn seed oil on plasma cholesterol and gut microbiota

  NCD HCD LHSO HHSO PCD
Neutral sterols (mg/hamster/day)
 Coprostanol 0.20 ± 0.09d 0.62 ± 0.17b 0.46 ± 0.12bc 0.38 ± 0.11cd 1.36 ± 0.29a
 Coprostanone 0.01 ± 0.00c 0.01 ± 0.00c 0.01 ± 0.00c 0.02 ± 0.01b 0.04 ± 0.01a
 Cholesterol 0.33 ± 0.07c 0.55 ± 0.10a 0.51 ± 0.11ab 0.44 ± 0.07ac 0.40 ± 0.18bc
 Dihydrocholesterol 0.13 ± 0.02c 0.16 ± 0.02bc 0.19 ± 0.03ab 0.21 ± 0.03a 0.17 ± 0.04b
 Total 0.66 ± 0.08d 1.33 ± 0.27b 1.17 ± 0.15bc 1.05 ± 0.08c 1.98 ± 0.15a
Acidic sterols (mg/hamster/day)
 Lithocholic acid 1.20 ± 0.34c 1.85 ± 0.69c 3.27 ± 1.02b 1.84 ± 0.57c 5.19 ± 1.54a
 Deoxycholic acid 0.08 ± 0.04b 0.07 ± 0.02b 0.14 ± 0.07b 0.08 ± 0.02b 0.42 ± 0.16a
 Chenodeoxycholic acid 0.33 ± 0.21b 0.19 ± 0.09b 0.69 ± 0.26b 0.38 ± 0.11b 5.04 ± 1.78a
 Cholic acid 0.12 ± 0.04c 0.20 ± 0.08bc 0.57 ± 0.20a 0.35 ± 0.06b 0.59 ± 0.28a
 Total 1.73 ± 0.52c 2.31 ± 0.84c 4.66 ± 1.36b 2.65 ± 0.73c 11.25 ± 3.64a
  1. NCD, Non-cholesterol diet; HCD, 0.15% Cholesterol diet; LHSO, Hawthorn seed oil substituting 50% lard; HHSO, Hawthorn seed oil substituting 100% lard; PCD, HCD with 0.5% cholestyramine
  2. Data is expressed as mean ± S.D., where different letters in superscript indicate statistical difference, p < 0.05