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  1. Correction to Levitt DG, Heymsfield SB, Pierson Jr RN, Shapses SA, Kral JG: Physiological models of body composition and human obesity. Nutrition & Metabolism 2007, 4:19

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr, Sue A Shapses and John G Kral

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:7

    Content type: Erratum

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19

  2. While chronic β-Hydroxy β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation (≥ 2 wk) lowers exercise induced muscle damage, its acute or timing effects have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Jacob M Wilson, Jeong-su Kim, Sang-rok Lee, John A Rathmacher, Brett Dalmau, J Derek Kingsley, Heather Koch, Anssi H Manninen, Raz Saadat and Lynn B Panton

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:6

    Content type: Research

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  3. A dramatic rise in the incidence of obesity in the U.S. has accelerated the search for interventions that may impact this epidemic. One recently recognized target for such intervention is adipose tissue, which...

    Authors: Patrick Wortman, Yuko Miyazaki, Nishan S Kalupahana, Suyeon Kim, Melissa Hansen-Petrik, Arnold M Saxton, Kate J Claycombe, Brynn H Voy, Jay Whelan and Naima Moustaid-Moussa

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:5

    Content type: Research

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  4. Acute alcohol (EtOH) intoxication decreases muscle protein synthesis via inhibition of mTOR-dependent translation initiation. However, these studies have been performed in relatively young rapidly growing rats...

    Authors: Charles H Lang, Anne M Pruznak, Gerald J Nystrom and Thomas C Vary

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:4

    Content type: Research

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  5. Leptin is known to play a role in food intake regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between serum leptin concentrations and dietary patterns and demographic, lifestyle, and health f...

    Authors: Vijay Ganji, Mohammad R Kafai and Erin McCarthy

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  6. To investigate histopathological and biochemical effects of green tea and/or licorice aqueous extracts in thyroid functions in male albino rats intoxicated with Dimethylnitrosamine.

    Authors: A Abd El Mgeed, M Bstawi, U Mohamed and M Abdel Gabbar

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  7. It has become commonplace for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) to be analyzed according to Intention-to-Treat (ITT) principles in which data from all subjects are used regardless of the subjects' adherence ...

    Authors: Richard D Feinman

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:1

    Content type: Commentary

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  8. Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothes...

    Authors: Eric C Westman, William S Yancy Jr, John C Mavropoulos, Megan Marquart and Jennifer R McDuffie

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:36

    Content type: Research

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  9. There is increasing evidence for a role of dopamine in the development of obesity. More specifically, dopaminergic hypofunction might lead to (over)compensatory food intake. Overeating and resulting weight gai...

    Authors: Julia Reinholz, Oliver Skopp, Caterina Breitenstein, Iwo Bohr, Hilke Winterhoff and Stefan Knecht

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:35

    Content type: Commentary

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  10. Although there is considerable evidence for a loss of bone mass with weight loss, the few human studies on the relationship between weight cycling and bone mass or density have differing results. Further, very...

    Authors: John D Bogden, Francis W Kemp, Abigail E Huang, Sue A Shapses, Hasina Ambia-Sobhan, Sugeet Jagpal, Ian L Brown and Anne M Birkett

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:34

    Content type: Research

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  11. Astrocytomas are largely dependent on glycolysis to satisfy their bioenergetic requirements for growth and survival. Therapies that target glycolysis can potentially manage astrocytoma growth and progression. ...

    Authors: Jeremy Marsh, Purna Mukherjee and Thomas N Seyfried

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:33

    Content type: Brief communication

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  12. Until now no technology has been available to study energy metabolism in monkeys. The objective of this study was to determine daily energy expenditures (EE) and respiratory quotients (RQ) in female monkeys of...

    Authors: Russell Rising, Maxim Signaevsky, Leonard A Rosenblum, John G Kral and Fima Lifshitz

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:32

    Content type: Research

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  13. High dietary intake of selenium or isoflavones reduces risk factors for prostate cancer. We tested whether combined supplementation of these two dietary components would reduce prostate cancer risk factors in ...

    Authors: Jessica R Tolman, Edwin D Lephart, Kenneth DR Setchell, Dennis L Eggett and Merrill J Christensen

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:31

    Content type: Research

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  14. To evaluate the metabolic effects of two weight loss diets differing in macronutrient composition on features of dyslipidemia and post-prandial insulin (INS) response to a meal challenge in overweight/obese in...

    Authors: Denise A Walker Lasker, Ellen M Evans and Donald K Layman

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:30

    Content type: Research

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  15. As the worldwide dietary pattern becomes more westernized, the metabolic syndrome is reaching epidemic proportions. Lifestyle modifications including diet and exercise are recommended as first-line interventio...

    Authors: Robert H Lerman, Deanna M Minich, Gary Darland, Joseph J Lamb, Barbara Schiltz, John G Babish, Jeffrey S Bland and Matthew L Tripp

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:29

    Content type: Research

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  16. To compare the effects of low versus recommended levels of dairy intake on weight maintenance and body composition subsequent to weight loss.

    Authors: Michael B Zemel, Joseph E Donnelly, Bryan K Smith, Debra K Sullivan, Joanna Richards, Danielle Morgan-Hanusa, Matthew S Mayo, Xiaocun Sun, Galen Cook-Wiens, Bruce W Bailey, Emily L Van Walleghen and Richard A Washburn

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:28

    Content type: Research

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  17. The offspring and grandoffspring of female rats fed low protein diets during pregnancy and lactation, but fed nutritionally adequate diets thereafter, have been shown to exhibit altered insulin sensitivity in ...

    Authors: Daniel C Benyshek, Carol S Johnston, John F Martin and William D Ross

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:26

    Content type: Research

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  18. Macronutrient composition of diets can influence energy balance in humans. We tested the hypothesis whether low protein content in single meals may induce lower values of energy expenditure (EE) and fat oxidat...

    Authors: Klaus J Petzke and Susanne Klaus

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:25

    Content type: Research

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  19. Body volume expands with the positive energy balance associated with the development of adult human obesity and this "growth" is captured by two widely used clinical metrics, waist circumference and body mass ...

    Authors: Steven B Heymsfield, Allison Martin-Nguyen, Tung M Fong, Dympna Gallagher and Angelo Pietrobelli

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:24

    Content type: Research

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  20. The alarming rise in the obesity epidemic and growing concern for the pathologic consequences of the metabolic syndrome warrant great need for development of obesity-related pharmacotherapeutics. The search fo...

    Authors: Kevin S Jones, Alexander P Alimov, Horacio L Rilo, Ronald J Jandacek, Laura A Woollett and W Todd Penberthy

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:23

    Content type: Research

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  21. Animal and cell culture data suggest a critical role for Munc18c and Syntaxin 4 proteins in insulin mediated glucose transport in skeletal muscle, but no studies have been published in humans.

    Authors: Bryan C Bergman, Marc-Andre Cornier, Tracy J Horton, Daniel H Bessesen and Robert H Eckel

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:21

    Content type: Research

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  22. It is increasingly recognized that infectious complications in patients treated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) may be caused by altered immune responses. Neutrophils and monocytes are the first line of ...

    Authors: Björn Jüttner, Janina Kröplin, Sina M Coldewey, Lars Witt, Wilhelm A Osthaus, Christian Weilbach and Dirk Scheinichen

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:19

    Content type: Research

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  23. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecadienoic acid [linoleic acid (LA), 18:2n-6]. Although ruminant milk and meat products represent the largest natural sou...

    Authors: Hyun-Seuk Moon, Hong-Gu Lee, Chung-Soo Chung, Yun-Jaie Choi and Chong-Su Cho

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:16

    Content type: Review

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  24. The aim of this study is to determine the S100B concentration in colostrums of 51 Burkinabe and 30 Sicilian women, still living in their countries, and in case of a difference to search for its explanations, c...

    Authors: Maria Musumeci, Pasqua Betta, Emanuela Magro, Teresa Isaia, Jacques Simpore, Domenico MM Romeo and Salvatore Musumeci

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:15

    Content type: Research

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  25. Low-carbohydrate diets, due to their potent antihyperglycemic effect, are an intuitively attractive approach to the management of obese patients with type 2 diabetes. We previously reported that a 20% carbohyd...

    Authors: Jörgen V Nielsen and Eva A Joensson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:14

    Content type: Brief communication

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  26. Lifestyle, genetics and environmental factors are established determinants of bone density. We aimed to describe the bone characteristics of competitive top-ranked Nigerian male athletes using calcaneal ultras...

    Authors: Emmanuel P Laabes, Dorothy J VanderJagt, Michael O Obadofin, Ayuba J Sendeht and Robert H Glew

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:13

    Content type: Research

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  27. Exercise and high-protein/reduced-carbohydrate and -fat diets have each been shown separately, or in combination with an energy-restricted diet to improve body composition and health in sedentary, overweight (...

    Authors: Christopher M Lockwood, Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Ashley A Walter, Abbie E Smith, Vincent J Dalbo, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:11

    Content type: Research

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  28. Current nutritional approaches to metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes generally rely on reductions in dietary fat. The success of such approaches has been limited and therapy more generally relies on pharma...

    Authors: Anthony Accurso, Richard K Bernstein, Annika Dahlqvist, Boris Draznin, Richard D Feinman, Eugene J Fine, Amy Gleed, David B Jacobs, Gabriel Larson, Robert H Lustig, Anssi H Manninen, Samy I McFarlane, Katharine Morrison, Jørgen Vesti Nielsen, Uffe Ravnskov, Karl S Roth…

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:9

    Content type: Review

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  29. This study evaluated a specialized whey fraction (Prolibra™, high in leucine, bioactive peptides and milk calcium) for use as a dietary supplement to enhance weight loss.

    Authors: Joy L Frestedt, John L Zenk, Michael A Kuskowski, Loren S Ward and Eric D Bastian

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:8

    Content type: Research

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  30. Total body water (TBW) estimations have been used to estimate body composition, particularly fat-free mass, to aid in nutritional interventions, and to monitor hydration status. In the past, bioimpedance spect...

    Authors: Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Michael D Roberts, Vincent J Dalbo, Chad M Kerksick, Michael G Bemben, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:7

    Content type: Brief communication

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  31. Carbohydrate restricted diets (CRD) consistently lower glucose and insulin levels and improve atherogenic dyslipidemia [decreasing triglycerides and increasing HDL cholesterol (HDL-C)]. We have previously show...

    Authors: Joseph C Ratliff, Gisella Mutungi, Michael J Puglisi, Jeff S Volek and Maria Luz Fernandez

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:6

    Content type: Research

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  32. Intravenous infusions of glucose and amino acids increase both nitrogen balance and muscle accretion. We hypothesised that co-infusion of glucose (to stimulate insulin) and essential amino acids (EAA) would ac...

    Authors: Fouzia Sadiq, Leslie A Crompton, Jes R Scaife and Michael A Lomax

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:5

    Content type: Research

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  33. Genetic factors that predict responses to diet may ultimately be used to individualize dietary recommendations. We used physiogenomics to explore associations among polymorphisms in candidate genes and changes...

    Authors: Richard L Seip, Jeff S Volek, Andreas Windemuth, Mohan Kocherla, Maria Luz Fernandez, William J Kraemer and Gualberto Ruaño

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:4

    Content type: Research

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  34. Dietary potassium supplementation in hypertensive rats is cardioprotective. This protection includes a blood pressure independent reduction in the amount of damage caused by cerebral ischemia. Therefore, we hy...

    Authors: Christine' S Rigsby, David M Pollock and Anne M Dorrance

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:3

    Content type: Research

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  35. Consumption of a mixed meal increases postprandial carbohydrate utilization and decreases fat oxidation. On the other hand, acute endurance exercise increases fat oxidation and decreases carbohydrate utilizati...

    Authors: Wiley Long III, Katherine Wells, Virginia Englert, Stacy Schmidt, Matthew S Hickey and Christopher L Melby

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:2

    Content type: Research

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  36. The leucine metabolite beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) has been extensively used as an ergogenic aid; particularly among bodybuilders and strength/power athletes, who use it to promote exercise performa...

    Authors: Gabriel J Wilson, Jacob M Wilson and Anssi H Manninen

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:1

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  37. The metabolic syndrome (MetS), in addition to its lipid, metabolic, and anthropomorphic characteristics, is associated with a prothrombotic and the proinflammatory state. However, the relationship of inflammat...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, Michael A Province, Donna Arnett, Lynne Wagenknecht, Weihong Tang, Paul N Hopkins, Luc Djoussé and Ingrid B Borecki

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:28

    Content type: Research

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  38. Bio F1B hamster is an inbred hybrid strain that is highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. We previously reported that feeding a high fat fish oil diet to Bio F1B hamster caused severe hyperlipidaemia...

    Authors: Sukhinder Kaur Cheema and Marion L Cornish

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Current methodology of gene expression analysis limits the possibilities of comparison between cells/tissues of organs in which cell size and/or number changes as a consequence of the study (e.g. starvation). ...

    Authors: Maria del Mar Romero, Maria del Mar Grasa, Montserrat Esteve, José Antonio Fernández-López and Marià Alemany

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:26

    Content type: Methodology

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  40. Sulfur, after calcium and phosphorus, is the most abundant mineral element found in our body. It is available to us in our diets, derived almost exclusively from proteins, and yet only 2 of the 20 amino acids ...

    Authors: Marcel E Nimni, Bo Han and Fabiola Cordoba

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:24

    Content type: Review

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  41. Low carbohydrate diets (LCDs) have been demonstrated to be effective tools for promoting weight loss and an improved plasma lipid profile. Such diets are often associated with increased meat consumption, eithe...

    Authors: Bridget A Cassady, Nicole L Charboneau, Emily E Brys, Kristin A Crouse, Donald C Beitz and Ted Wilson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:23

    Content type: Research

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