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  1. Corn silk contains proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, Ca, K, Mg and Na salts, fixed and volatile oils, steroids such as sitosterol and stigmasterol, alkaloids, saponins, tannins, and flavonoids. Base on folk r...

    Authors: Jianyou Guo, Tongjun Liu, Linna Han and Yongmei Liu
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:47
  2. In this study, we suggested characterizing the vasodilator effects and the phytochemical characteristics of a plant with food usage also used in traditional treatment of arterial high blood pressure in Senegal.

    Authors: Mamadou Sarr, Saliou Ngom, Modou O Kane, Alassane Wele, Doudou Diop, Bocar Sarr, Lamine Gueye, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina and Aminata S Diallo
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:45
  3. Vitamin A may have some influence on the immune system, but the role in allergy modulation is still unclear.

    Authors: Victor Matheu, Karin Berggård, Yvelise Barrios, Ysamar Barrios, Maria-Rosa Arnau, Jose M Zubeldia, Maria L Baeza, Ove Back and Shohreh Issazadeh-Navikas
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:44
  4. Elevated levels of serum uric acid are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The response of uric acid to weight loss therapy (lifestyle plus sibutramine) in an overweigh...

    Authors: Charlotte Andersson, Peter Weeke, Bente Brendorp, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl, Arya M Sharma, Nick Finer, Ian D Caterson, Richard A Rode, Philip T James and Christian Torp-Pedersen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:42
  5. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between intakes of energy-providing macronutrients, and markers of cardio metabolic risk factors in high BMI African American (AA) children.

    Authors: Sushma Sharma, Lindsay S Roberts, Mark L Hudes, Robert H Lustig and Sharon E Fleming
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:41
  6. Many publications link high homocysteine levels to cardiovascular disease. In Spain there is little information on the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia and associated vitamin factors among the general popul...

    Authors: Ruth Gil-Prieto, Valentín Hernández, Beatriz Cano, Manuel Oya and Ángel Gil
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:39
  7. It has been suggested that protein hydrolysates providing mainly di- and tripeptides are superior to intact (whole) proteins and free amino acids in terms of skeletal muscle protein anabolism. This review prov...

    Authors: Anssi H Manninen
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:38
  8. Early molecular changes of nutritionally-induced insulin resistance are still enigmatic. It is also unclear if acute overnutrition alone can alter insulin signaling in humans or if the macronutrient compositio...

    Authors: Rebecca L Adochio, J Wayne Leitner, Karen Gray, Boris Draznin and Marc-Andre Cornier
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:37
  9. Authors: Amandine Brochot, Marine Guinot, Daniel Auchere, Jean-Paul Macaire, Pierre Weill, Alain Grynberg and Delphine Rousseau-Ralliard
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:35

    The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:14

  10. Malnutrition in early life is associated with obesity in adulthood and soybean products may have a beneficial effect on its prevention and treatment. This study evaluated body composition, serum leptin and ene...

    Authors: Loanda Maria G Cheim, Elisângela A Oliveira, Vanessa C Arantes, Roberto V Veloso, Marise Auxiliadora B Reis, Maria Helena G Gomes-da-Silva, Everardo M Carneiro, Antonio C Boschero and Márcia Q Latorraca
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:34
  11. Caffeic acid (CA) and ellagic acid (EA) are phenolic acids naturally occurring in many plant foods. Cardiac protective effects of these compounds against dyslipidemia, hypercoagulability, oxidative stress and ...

    Authors: Pei-chun Chao, Cheng-chin Hsu and Mei-chin Yin
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:33
  12. Appetite is affected by many factors including the hormones leptin, ghrelin and adiponectin. Ghrelin stimulates hunger, leptin promotes satiety, and adiponectin affects insulin response. This study was designe...

    Authors: Joseph J Carlson, Amy A Turpin, Gail Wiebke, Steven C Hunt and Ted D Adams
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:32
  13. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by early and region-specific declines in cerebral glucose metabolism. Ketone bodies are produced by the body during glucose deprivation and are metabolized by the brai...

    Authors: Samuel T Henderson, Janet L Vogel, Linda J Barr, Fiona Garvin, Julie J Jones and Lauren C Costantini
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:31
  14. Elevated liver enzymes are markers of liver steatosis and metabolic syndrome. We aimed to investigate the association of Mediterranean diet on the relationship between aminotransferases (i.e., AST, ALT, gGT) a...

    Authors: Natalia Tzima, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christina Chrysohoou, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, John Skoumas and Christodoulos Stefanadis
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:30
  15. The first aim of this study was to clarify the effective ratio of extractive from leaves of Morus Alba (ELM) to sucrose so as to apply this knowledge to the preparation of confections that could effectively suppr...

    Authors: Mariko Nakamura, Sadako Nakamura and Tsuneyuki Oku
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:29
  16. A sudden increase in exercise and energy expenditure is associated with an increase in protein turnover and nitrogen excretion. This study examined how a sudden increase in exercise-induced energy expenditure ...

    Authors: Tracey J Smith, Matthew A Pikosky, Ann Grediagin, Carmen Castaneda-Sceppa, Lauri O Byerley, Ellen L Glickman and Andrew J Young
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:28
  17. Microsomal stearoyl-CoA desaturase1 (SCD1) is the rate limiting enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs); palmitoleic (16:1) and oleic (18:1) acid from their respective substr...

    Authors: Shanmugam M Jeyakumar, Pratti Lopamudra, Suryaprakash Padmini, Nagalla Balakrishna, Nappan V Giridharan and Ayyalasomayajula Vajreswari
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:27
  18. Resting and postprandial oxidative stress is elevated in those with metabolic disorders such as diabetes. Antioxidant supplementation may attenuate the rise in oxidative stress following feeding. Therefore we ...

    Authors: Richard J Bloomer, Kelsey H Fisher-Wellman and Patrick S Tucker
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:25
  19. Dietary n-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3-PUFA) have been shown to reduce body weight and fat mass in rodents as well as in humans in one small short-term study. We conducted this controlled randomized diet...

    Authors: Mario Kratz, Holly S Callahan, Pamela Y Yang, Colleen C Matthys and David S Weigle
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:24
  20. To determine the safety and efficacy of altering the ratio of carbohydrate and protein in low-energy diets in conjunction with a popular exercise program in obese women.

    Authors: Chad Kerksick, Ashli Thomas, Bill Campbell, Lem Taylor, Colin Wilborn, Brandon Marcello, Mike Roberts, Emily Pfau, Megan Grimstvedt, Jasmine Opusunju, Teresa Magrans-Courtney, Christopher Rasmussen, Ron Wilson and Richard B Kreider
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:23
  21. We previously demonstrated that a loosely restricted 45%-carbohydrate diet led to greater reduction in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) compared to high-carbohydrate diets in outpatients with mild type 2 diabetes (mean ...

    Authors: Hajime Haimoto, Tae Sasakabe, Kenji Wakai and Hiroyuki Umegaki
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:21
  22. The dramatic increase in obesity-related diseases emphasizes the need to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying fat metabolism. To investigate how natural substances influence lipolysis and...

    Authors: Jörn Söhle, Anja Knott, Ursula Holtzmann, Ralf Siegner, Elke Grönniger, Andreas Schepky, Stefan Gallinat, Horst Wenck, Franz Stäb and Marc Winnefeld
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:20
  23. The conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) content of beef can be increased by supplementing appropriate beef cattle diets with vegetable oil or oil seed. Yet the effect of consumption of such beef on adipose tissue c...

    Authors: Mao L He, Priya S Mir, Erasmus K Okine and Helen Napadajlo
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:19
  24. Acylation Stimulating Protein (ASP) has been shown to influence adipose tissue triglyceride (TG) storage. The aim was to examine ethnic differences in ASP and leptin levels in relation to lipid profiles and po...

    Authors: Thea Scantlebury-Manning, Joseph Bower, Katherine Cianflone and Hisham Barakat
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:18
  25. Despite increasing research and clinical significance, limited information is available on how the visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue (VAT and SAT) compartments develop during growth and maturation and t...

    Authors: Wei Shen, Mark Punyanitya, Analiza M Silva, Jun Chen, Dympna Gallagher, Luís B Sardinha, David B Allison and Steven B Heymsfield
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:17
  26. The metabolic syndrome may have its origins in thriftiness, insulin resistance and one of the most ancient of all signalling systems, redox. Thriftiness results from an evolutionarily-driven propensity to mini...

    Authors: Alistair VW Nunn, Jimmy D Bell and Geoffrey W Guy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:16
  27. In the literature, supplement of soy aglycons of isoflavone as estrogen agonists in improvement of serum biochemical attributes, liver antioxidative capacities and vaginal epithelium protection has been meager...

    Authors: Tu-Fa Lien, Yu-Lin Hsu, Dan-Yuan Lo and Robin YY Chiou
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:15
  28. Previous work showed that the functional cardiac effect of dietary alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) in rats requires a long feeding period (6 months), although a docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid-supply affects cardiac adr...

    Authors: Amandine Brochot, Marine Guinot, Daniel Auchere, Jean-Paul Macaire, Pierre Weill, Alain Grynberg and Delphine Rousseau-Ralliard
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:14
  29. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events. ED is also a reversible disorder, and nitric oxide donors like L-arginine may promote this process. Despite the positive resul...

    Authors: Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Mehdi Nematbakhsh and Mohammad Hosein Sanei
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:13
  30. We investigated in rats the effects of feeding different forms of high amylose maize starches (HAMS) rich in resistant starch (RS) to understand what the implications of RS heterogeneity might be for colonic b...

    Authors: Richard K Le Leu, Ying Hu, Ian L Brown and Graeme P Young
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:11
  31. Correction to Levitt DG, Heymsfield SB, Pierson Jr RN, Shapses SA, Kral JG: Physiological models of body composition and human obesity. Nutrition & Metabolism 2007, 4:19

    Authors: David G Levitt, Steven B Heymsfield, Richard N Pierson Jr, Sue A Shapses and John G Kral
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:7

    The original article was published in Nutrition & Metabolism 2007 4:19

  32. While chronic β-Hydroxy β-Methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation (≥ 2 wk) lowers exercise induced muscle damage, its acute or timing effects have not been examined. The purpose of this study was to investigate t...

    Authors: Jacob M Wilson, Jeong-su Kim, Sang-rok Lee, John A Rathmacher, Brett Dalmau, J Derek Kingsley, Heather Koch, Anssi H Manninen, Raz Saadat and Lynn B Panton
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:6
  33. A dramatic rise in the incidence of obesity in the U.S. has accelerated the search for interventions that may impact this epidemic. One recently recognized target for such intervention is adipose tissue, which...

    Authors: Patrick Wortman, Yuko Miyazaki, Nishan S Kalupahana, Suyeon Kim, Melissa Hansen-Petrik, Arnold M Saxton, Kate J Claycombe, Brynn H Voy, Jay Whelan and Naima Moustaid-Moussa
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:5
  34. Acute alcohol (EtOH) intoxication decreases muscle protein synthesis via inhibition of mTOR-dependent translation initiation. However, these studies have been performed in relatively young rapidly growing rats...

    Authors: Charles H Lang, Anne M Pruznak, Gerald J Nystrom and Thomas C Vary
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:4
  35. Leptin is known to play a role in food intake regulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between serum leptin concentrations and dietary patterns and demographic, lifestyle, and health f...

    Authors: Vijay Ganji, Mohammad R Kafai and Erin McCarthy
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:3
  36. To investigate histopathological and biochemical effects of green tea and/or licorice aqueous extracts in thyroid functions in male albino rats intoxicated with Dimethylnitrosamine.

    Authors: A Abd El Mgeed, M Bstawi, U Mohamed and M Abdel Gabbar
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:2
  37. It has become commonplace for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) to be analyzed according to Intention-to-Treat (ITT) principles in which data from all subjects are used regardless of the subjects' adherence ...

    Authors: Richard D Feinman
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2009 6:1
  38. Dietary carbohydrate is the major determinant of postprandial glucose levels, and several clinical studies have shown that low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control. In this study, we tested the hypothes...

    Authors: Eric C Westman, William S Yancy Jr, John C Mavropoulos, Megan Marquart and Jennifer R McDuffie
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:36
  39. There is increasing evidence for a role of dopamine in the development of obesity. More specifically, dopaminergic hypofunction might lead to (over)compensatory food intake. Overeating and resulting weight gai...

    Authors: Julia Reinholz, Oliver Skopp, Caterina Breitenstein, Iwo Bohr, Hilke Winterhoff and Stefan Knecht
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:35
  40. Although there is considerable evidence for a loss of bone mass with weight loss, the few human studies on the relationship between weight cycling and bone mass or density have differing results. Further, very...

    Authors: John D Bogden, Francis W Kemp, Abigail E Huang, Sue A Shapses, Hasina Ambia-Sobhan, Sugeet Jagpal, Ian L Brown and Anne M Birkett
    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2008 5:34

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