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  1. An adverse hematological interaction between vitamins E and K has been reported, primarily in patients on anticoagulants. However, little is known regarding circulating levels or tissue concentrations of vitam...

    Authors: Alison Tovar, Clement K Ameho, Jeffrey B Blumberg, James W Peterson, Donald Smith and Sarah L Booth

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Resistin is secreted from adipocytes, and high circulating levels have been associated with obesity and insulin resistance. To investigate whether resistin could exert autocrine effects in adipocytes, we expre...

    Authors: Yuchang Fu, Liehong Luo, Nanlan Luo and W Timothy Garvey

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:28

    Content type: Research

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  3. A response to Louter-van de Haar J, Wielinga PY, Scheurink AJ, Nieuwenhuizen AG: Comparison of the effects of three different (-)-hydroxycitric acid preparations on food intake in rats. Nutr Metabol 2005, 2:23

    Authors: Harry G Preuss, Manashi Bagchi and Debasis Bagchi

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:26

    Content type: Letters to the Editor

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  4. The large inter-individual variation in weight gain during standardized overfeeding together with a weight gain that is often less than theoretically calculated from the energy excess suggest that there are di...

    Authors: Annemiek MCP Joosen and Klaas R Westerterp

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:25

    Content type: Review

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  5. The average life span of Mongolians is 62 years for males and 69 years for females. This life span is about 16 years shorter than that of Japanese. Mongolian people generally eat meat, fat and diary products b...

    Authors: Fumio Komatsu, Yasuo Kagawa, Mitsuru Sakuma, Terue Kawabata, Yoshinori Kaneko, Dugee Otgontuya, Ulziiburen Chimedregzen, Luvsanbazar Narantuya and Baatar Purvee

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:21

    Content type: Research

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  6. Diets that restrict carbohydrate (CHO) have proven to be a successful dietary treatment of obesity for many people, but the degree of weight loss varies across individuals. The extent to which genetic factors ...

    Authors: Gualberto Ruaño, Andreas Windemuth, Mohan Kocherla, Theodore Holford, Maria Luz Fernandez, Cassandra E Forsythe, Richard J Wood, William J Kraemer and Jeff S Volek

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:20

    Content type: Research

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  7. Increasing evidence supports carbohydrate restricted diets (CRD) for weight loss and improvement in traditional markers for cardiovascular disease (CVD); less is known regarding emerging CVD risk factors. We p...

    Authors: Richard J Wood, Jeff S Volek, Steven R Davis, Carly Dell'Ova and Maria Luz Fernandez

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:19

    Content type: Research

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  8. Asian Indian immigrants have an increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, there is very little data examining how the adipokines leptin and adiponectin relate to CVD risk factors suc...

    Authors: Jessica Smith, Maha Al-Amri, Allan Sniderman and Katherine Cianflone

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:18

    Content type: Research

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  9. We studied the regulation of brain acetyl CoA carboxylase (ACC) activity during food deprivation and under the influence of hormones of glucose homeostasis: glucagon and insulin. Mice were deprived of food and...

    Authors: Kristophe J Karami, John Coppola, Karthik Krishnamurthy, Domingo J Llanos, Amrita Mukherjee and KV Venkatachalam

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:15

    Content type: Research

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  10. The determinants of bone mineral density (BMD) at multiple sites were examined in a fit college population. Subjects were 755 males (mean age = 18.7 years) entering the United States Military Academy. A questi...

    Authors: JA Ruffing, F Cosman, M Zion, Susan Tendy, P Garrett, R Lindsay and JW Nieves

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:14

    Content type: Research

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  11. Thyroid abnormalities (hyperthyroid and hypothyroid) are accompanied by changes in intermediary metabolism including alterations in body weight, insulin resistance and lipid profile. The aims of this study wer...

    Authors: Haiying Yu, Yan Yang, Muxun Zhang, Huiling Lu, Jianhua Zhang, Hongwei Wang and Katherine Cianflone

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:13

    Content type: Research

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  12. All treatments for obesity, including dietary restriction of carbohydrates, have a goal of reducing the storage of fat in adipocytes. The chief enzyme responsible for the mobilization of FFA from adipose tissu...

    Authors: Fredric B Kraemer and Wen-Jun Shen

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:12

    Content type: Review

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  13. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a group of polyunsaturated fatty acids which have been extensively studied in the past two decades. However, conjugated octadecatrienoic acid such as cis-9,trans-11,cis-15 and ci...

    Authors: Mélanie Plourde, Jean-Pierre Sergiel, Jean-Michel Chardigny, Stéphane Grégoire, Paul Angers and Jean-Louis Sébédio

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:8

    Content type: Research

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  14. It is speculated that high saturated fat very low carbohydrate diets (VLCARB) have adverse effects on cardiovascular risk but evidence for this in controlled studies is lacking. The objective of this study was...

    Authors: Manny Noakes, Paul R Foster, Jennifer B Keogh, Anthony P James, John C Mamo and Peter M Clifton

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:7

    Content type: Research

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  15. Approximately 1/3 of individuals have a high plasma response to dietary cholesterol (hyper-responders). Although increases in both LDL and HDL cholesterol have been observed, limited data exist regarding effec...

    Authors: Christine M Greene, David Waters, Richard M Clark, John H Contois and Maria Luz Fernandez

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:6

    Content type: Research

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  16. Sphingomyelin (SM) is the major phospholipid in cell membranes and in lipoproteins. In human plasma, SM is mainly found in atherogenic lipoproteins; thus, high levels of SM may promote atherogenesis.

    Authors: Axel Schlitt, Stefan Blankenberg, Daoguang Yan, Hans von Gizycki, Michael Buerke, Karl Werdan, Christoph Bickel, Karl J Lackner, Juergen Meyer, Hans J Rupprecht and Xian-Cheng Jiang

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:5

    Content type: Research

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  17. Impaired vasodilatation has been suggested to be caused by inhibition of nitric oxide generation by the recently described asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). In the present study we wanted to explore whether ...

    Authors: Hilde MA Eid, Harald Arnesen, Elsa M Hjerkinn, Torstein Lyberg, Ingrid Ellingsen and Ingebjørg Seljeflot

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:4

    Content type: Research

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  18. Holotranscobalamin, cobalamin-saturated transcobalamin, is the minor fraction of circulating cobalamin (vitamin B12), which is available for cellular uptake and hence is physiologically relevant. Currently, no...

    Authors: Lars Orning, Anne Rian, Andrew Campbell, Jeff Brady, Sergey N Fedosov, Birgit Bramlage, Keith Thompson and Edward V Quadros

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:3

    Content type: Research

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  19. We examined aerobic and anaerobic exercise energy expenditure and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) between a 250 Watt, 1-minute bout of cycling and uphill treadmill running.

    Authors: Christopher B Scott, Nathanael D Littlefield, Jeffrey D Chason, Michael P Bunker and Elizabeth M Asselin

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2006 3:1

    Content type: Research

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  20. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age and is associated with obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin resistance. Because low carbohydrate die...

    Authors: John C Mavropoulos, William S Yancy, Juanita Hepburn and Eric C Westman

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:35

    Content type: Brief communication

    Published on:

  21. The metabolic function of PEPCK-C is not fully understood; deletion of the gene for the enzyme in mice provides an opportunity to fully assess its function.

    Authors: Parvin Hakimi, Mark T Johnson, Jianqi Yang, David F Lepage, Ronald A Conlon, Satish C Kalhan, Lea Reshef, Shirley M Tilghman and Richard W Hanson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:33

    Content type: Research

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  22. There is an emerging theory suggesting that insulin, which is known to be the predominant postprandial anabolic hormone, is also a major regulator of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in human skeletal m...

    Authors: Laurence Baillet-Blanco, Marie-Christine Beauvieux, Henri Gin, Vincent Rigalleau and Jean-Louis Gallis

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:32

    Content type: Research

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  23. Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) represents a constellation of markers that indicates a predisposition to diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other pathologic states. The definition and treatment are a matter of cur...

    Authors: Jeff S Volek and Richard D Feinman

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:31

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  24. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that primarily strikes the elderly. Studies in both humans and animal models have linked the consumption of cholesterol and saturated fats w...

    Authors: Ingrid Van der Auwera, Stefaan Wera, Fred Van Leuven and Samuel T Henderson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:28

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. We have previously reported that rheumatoid arthritis patients, who adopted a modified Cretan Mediterranean diet, obtained a reduction in disease activity and an improvement in physical function and vitality. ...

    Authors: Linda Hagfors, Ingela Nilsson, Lars Sköldstam and Gunnar Johansson

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:26

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recent trends in weight loss diets have led to a substantial increase in protein intake by individuals. As a result, the safety of habitually consuming dietary protein in excess of recommended intakes has been...

    Authors: William F Martin, Lawrence E Armstrong and Nancy R Rodriguez

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:25

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  27. Epidemiological studies have linked low dietary magnesium (Mg) to low bone mineral density and osteoporosis. Mg deficiency in animal models has demonstrated a reduction in bone mass and increase in skeletal fr...

    Authors: Robert K Rude, Helen E Gruber, Livia Y Wei and Angelica Frausto

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:24

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Studies on the effects of (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA) in humans are controversial. As differences in the HCA preparations may contribute to this apparent discrepancy, the aim of the current study is to compar...

    Authors: Johanna Louter-van de Haar, Peter Y Wielinga, Anton JW Scheurink and Arie G Nieuwenhuizen

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Melatonin, originally discovered as a hormone of the pineal gland, is also produced in other organs and represents, additionally, a normal food constituent found in yeast and plant material, which can influenc...

    Authors: Rüdiger Hardeland and SR Pandi-Perumal

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:22

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Unloading of skeletal muscle causes atrophy and loss of contractile function. In part, this response is believed to be mediated by the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). Both curcumin, a comp...

    Authors: Mehran Farid, Michael B Reid, Yi-Ping Li, Eric Gerken and William J Durham

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. The Family Blood Pressure Program is an ongoing, NHLBI-sponsored, multi-center program to study the genetic determinants of high blood pressure. The goal of this particular study was to study patterns of metab...

    Authors: Aldi T Kraja, DC Rao, Alan B Weder, Thomas H Mosley, Stephen T Turner, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Thomas Quertermous, Richard Cooper, J David Curb and Michael A Province

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. A low fat, high carbohydrate diet in combination with regular exercise is the traditional recommendation for treating diabetes. Compliance with these lifestyle modifications is less than satisfactory, however,...

    Authors: Surender K Arora and Samy I McFarlane

    Citation: Nutrition & Metabolism 2005 2:16

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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