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Table 1 NCEP-ATP III and WHO Definitions of Metabolic Syndrome. Other definitions in references [1], [4] and [90].

From: Carbohydrate restriction improves the features of Metabolic Syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome may be defined by the response to carbohydrate restriction

ATP III Definition
Any three or more of the following criteria:
a) Waist circumference: >102 cm in men, >88 cm in women
b) Serum triglycerides: ≥150 mg/dL
c) HDL-cholesterol: <40 mg/dL in men, < 50 mg/dL in women
d) Blood pressure: ≥130/85 mm Hg
e) Serum glucose: >110 mg/dL
WHO Definition
Diabetes or IFG or IGT or insulin resistance, plus at least two of the following criteria
a) Waist-to-hip ratio: >0.90 in men, >0.85 in women
b) Serum triglycerides: >150 mg/dL or HDL-cholesterol: <35 mg/dL in men and <40 mg/dL in women
c) Blood pressure: >140/90 mmHg
d) Urinary albumin excretion rate > 20 μg/min or albumin/creatinine ratio >30 mg/g