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Table 1 Lifestyle, Anthropometric and Blood Lipid Characteristics. Values are reported as mean ± standard error of the mean (SEM). P-values are reported for Fisher exact test (†) or unpaired t-test (*) between Indian men vs Caucasian men or Indian women vs Caucasian women for each parameter with a p-value of less than 0.05 considered significant

From: Leptin and adiponectin in relation to body fat percentage, waist to hip ratio and the apoB/apoA1 ratio in Asian Indian and Caucasian men and women

  Indian Men Caucasian Men P Indian Women Caucasian Women P
N 54 32   28 51  
Born in Canada (yes/no) % 0/52 0% 29/3 90.6% < 0.001† 1/27 3.6% 38/13 74.5% < 0.001†
Diabetes (yes/no) % 8/42 16.0% 1/31 3.1% NS† 0/27 0% 0/51 0% NS†
Smoking (yes/no) % 4/46 8.0% 9/23 28.1% NS† 1/26 3.7% 25/25 50.0% 0.01†
Age (years) 42.9 ± 1.34 38.3 ± 1.73 0.04* 43.0 ± 1.95 40.3 ± 1.55 NS*
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 28.3 ± 0.58 26.6 ± 0.70 NS* 28.7 ± 0.86 25.8 ± 0.72 0.01*
BF% 21.6 ± 0.65 17.6 ± 0.89 0.0005* 40.1 ± 1.52 33.6 ± 1.23 0.002*
WHR 0.93 ± 0.01 0.86 ± 0.01 < 0.0001* 0.88 ± 0.01 0.77 ± 0.01 < 0.0001*
WC (cm) 100.4 ± 1.3 91.1 ± 2.1 0.0002* 94.4 ± 2.3 83.0 ± 2.2 0.001*
HC (cm) 108.3 ± 0.9 106.3 ± 1.2 NS* 107.0 ± 2.0 106.4 ± 1.6 NS*
apoB (g/L) 1.00 ± 0.03 0.79 ± 0.05 0.0005* 0.92 ± 0.04 0.77 ± 0.03 0.002*
apoA1 (g/L) 1.19 ± 0.03 1.23 ± 0.04 NS* 1.30 ± 0.05 1.44 ± 0.04 0.05*
TC (mmol/L) 5.23 ± 0.13 4.79 ± 0.19 NS* 5.27 ± 0.16 5.02 ± 0.13 NS*
HDL-C (mmol/l) 0.97 ± 0.03 1.24 ± 0.05 < 0.0001* 1.13 ± 0.05 1.51 ± 0.06 < 0.0001*
TC/HDL-C 5.44 ± 0.21 3.90 ± 0.23 < 0.0001* 4.64 ± 0.24 3.37 ± 0.16 < 0.0001*
apoB/apo A1 0.85 ± 0.03 0.66 ± 0.04 0.0002* 0.73 ± 0.04 0.56 ± 0.03 0.0003*
  1. BMI = body mass index; BF% = body fat percentage; WHR = waist to hip ratio; WC = waist circumference; HC = hip circumference; apoB = apolipoprotein B; apoA1 = apolipoprotein A1; TC = total cholesterol; HDL-C = high density lipoprotein cholesterol; TC/HDL-C = TC to HDL-C ratio; apoB/apoA1 = apoB to apoA1 ratio.