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Table 2 Caloric and nutrient intake at baseline, 8 weeks and 12 weeks

From: Enhancement of a modified Mediterranean-style, low glycemic load diet with specific phytochemicals improves cardiometabolic risk factors in subjects with metabolic syndrome and hypercholesterolemia in a randomized trial

Nutrient Visit PED arm1 MED arm2 P value (between arms)
   mean ± SE  
Total energy (kJ/d) Baseline 9654 ± 571 11575 ± 1619 0.22
  8 weeks 6699 ± 370 6171 ± 479 0.38
  12 weeks 6442 ± 285 5835 ± 472 0.25
Carbohydrates (g/d) Baseline 261.7 ± 19.0 337.9 ± 45.8 0.10
  8 weeks 188.9 ± 10.9 150.9 ± 13.8 0.03
  12 weeks 169.6 ± 9.3 151.4 ± 13.6 0.22
Insoluble fiber (g/d) Baseline 6.0 ± 0.7 4.3 ± 0.6 0.09
  8 weeks 10.4 ± 1.3 8.1 ± 1.0 0.17
  12 weeks 9.4 ± 1.0 8.3 ± 1.4 0.51
Soluble fiber (g/d) Baseline 2.3 ± 0.3 2.1 ± 0.3 0.58
  8 weeks 11.8 ± 0.5 3.1 ± 0.4 < 0.01
  12 weeks 11.5 ± 0.3 3.3 ± 0.5 < 0.01
Protein (g/d) Baseline 100.2 ± 7.0 97.7 ± 13.0 0.86
  8 weeks 112.5 ± 6.1 90.7 ± 7.2 0.03
  12 weeks 116.1 ± 7.6 85.3 ± 7.9 0.01
Fat (g/d) Baseline 96.2 ± 7.4 113.5 ± 17.1 0.32
  8 weeks 47.6 ± 3.7 59.5 ± 5.18 0.06
  12 weeks 46.8 ± 4.7 52.7 ± 5.19 0.40
Saturated fatty acid (g/d) Baseline 30.5 ± 2.9 35.0 ± 4.5 0.39
  8 weeks 10.5 ± 0.9 14.0 ± 1.7 0.05
  12 weeks 10.1 ± 1.1 12.8 ± 1.3 0.11
Monounsaturated fatty acid (g/d) Baseline 25.6 ± 3.1 33.1 ± 5.5 0.21
  8 weeks 14.8 ± 1.5 19.7 ± 1.7 0.04
  12 weeks 17.4 ± 2.2 17.4 ± 2.3 0.98
Cholesterol (mmol/d) Baseline 9.48 ± 0.96 9.22 ± 1.10 0.86
  8 weeks 6.31 ± 0.69 10.01 ± 1.38 0.01
  12 weeks 6.79 ± 0.94 8.33 ± 1.03 0.34
Alcohol (g/d) Baseline 4.9 ± 1.4 3.3 ± 2.3 0.56
  8 weeks 1.2 ± 0.8 3.1 ± 1.2 0.19
  12 weeks 1.6 ± 0.9 2.1 ± 1.3 0.75
  1. 1PED arm: Baseline & 8 weeks, n = 25; 12 weeks, n = 23. 2MED arm: Baseline & 8 weeks, n = 19; 12 weeks, n = 18.