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Table 5 Effects of synthetic CLA or high CLA beef on fatty acid composition of retroperitoneal fat of the rats

From: Effect of conjugated linoleic acids from beef or industrial hydrogenation on growth and adipose tissue characteristics of rats

  Treatment diets
  CON SCLA CONM CLAM
Lipid (% tissue) 81.33 ± 2.32 80.15 ± 3.80 84.54 ± 2.43 87.68 ± 5.24
Fatty acid concentration (mg/100 mg of detected fatty acids)
C14:0* 1.13 ± 0.096 1.06 ± 0.065 1.67 ± 0.089 1.99 ± 0.103
C14:1 c 0.01 ± 0.004A 0.01 ± 0.005A 0.46 ± 0.016B 0.44 ± 0.015B
C16:0 22.92 ± 0.83 25.37 ± 0.51 23.88 ± 0.48 25.28 ± 0.71
C16:1 c 4.79 ± 0.22B 2.88 ± 0.14A 6.78 ± 0.28C 6.31 ± 0.32C
C18:0 3.74 ± 0.13A 3.47 ± 0.30A 4.63 ± 0.33B 6.00 ± 0.26C
C18:1 t11 0.00 ± 0.73 0.65 ± 0.63 1.01 ± 0.63 2.14 ± 0.83
C18:1 c9 28.86 ± 0.66A 25.10 ± 0.77A 52.48 ± 0.91B 48.31 ± 1.54B
C18:2 c9, c12 30.49 ± 2.46C 26.60 ± 1.40B 2.58 ± 0.36A 3.50 ± 0.39A
C18:3 3.0 ± 0.07C 2.33 ± 0.03B 0.17 ± 0.01A 0.14 ± 0.01A
CLA c9, t11 0.01 ± 0.002A 4.50 ± 0.408C 0.38 ± 0.011B 0.60 ± 0.041B
CLA t10, c12 0.10 ± 0.003A 3.16 ± 0.081B 0.23 ± 0.006A 0.19 ± 0.007A
C20:4 0.41 ± 0.17 0.21 ± 0.014 0.28 ± 0.003 0.21 ± 0.010
C22:5 0.18 ± 0.007 0.39 ± 0.004 0.49 ± 0.000 0.42 ± 0.000
C22:6 0.78 ± 0.011 0.60 ± 0.007 0.81 ± 0.000 0.86 ± 0.000
UNS/Total FA 0.72 ± 0.02B 0.69 ± 0.01AB 0.68 ± 0.01AB 0.65 ± 0.01A
UNS/SAT 2.60 ± 0.19B 2.27 ± 0.16AB 2.18 ± 0.06AB 1.91 ± 0.09A
C18:2/C18:3 9.99 ± 0.58A 14.43 ± 0.27AB 20.36 ± 3.15BC 25.66 ± 2.42C
  1. A-C: Means (± standard error) in a row denoted by a different letter differ (p < 0.05); n = 7
  2. *denoted as Carbon chain length: number of unsaturated bonds in trans (t) or cis (c) position and location
  3. CON – Control diet, SCLA – diet with 1.69% synthetic CLA replacing an equivalent amount of soybean oil, CONM – Diet containing control beef (see table 1), CLAM – diet containing high CLA beef (see table 1).