Delta change in waist circumference (cm) at 14 weeks. Data are presented as individual changes from baseline. Each respective individual group mean and 95% confidence interval are placed immediately to the right of each data group. HED = high-energy, high carbohydrate diet + exercise (n = 11); ND = no diet + exercise (n = 17); VLCHP = very low carbohydrate, high protein diet + exercise (n = 48); LCMP = Low carbohydrate, moderate protein + exercise (n = 37); HCLP = High carbohydrate, low protein + exercise (n = 41); CON = no diet + no exercise (n = 7). aDifferent than CON (p < 0.05).