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Table 3 Results from logistic regression analyses that evaluated the role of liver enzymes on the presence of the metabolic syndrome, by the level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

From: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet moderates the association of aminotransferases with the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome; the ATTICA study

Away from the Mediterranean diet (n = 1013) Odds ratio 95% confidence interval
AST/ALT ratio (per 0.1 unit) 0.89 0.80–1.00
AST (per 1 IU/L) 0.93 0.88–0.99
ALT (per 1 IU/L) 1.01 0.95–1.07
γ-GT (per 1 IU/L) 0.99 0.95–1.03
Moderate adherence to the Mediterranean diet (n = 1015)   
AST/ALT ratio (per 0.1 unit) 0.90 0.78–1.01
AST (per 1 IU/L) 0.96 0.90–1.03
ALT (per 1 IU/L) 0.99 0.92–1.07
γ-GT (per 1 IU/L) 1.02 0.96–1.07
Close to the Mediterranean diet (n = 1014)   
AST/ALT ratio (per 0.1 unit) 0.93 0.76–1.13
AST (per 1 IU/L) 0.93 0.76–1.15
ALT (per 1 IU/L) 1.01 0.83–1.22
γ-GT (per 1 IU/L) 1.19 0.99–1.33
  1. All models were also adjusted for age, gender, physical activity status, smoking and body mass index of the participants.