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Table 2 Adjusted mean food intakes according to C-reactive protein level in children ages 5-16 years

From: A cross-sectional study of food group intake and C-reactive protein among children

C-reactive protein levels (mg/L)* n Dairy Grains Fruit Vegetables Meat/Other Proteins
   mean (SE)
  Baseline analysis
Low 2939 1.98
(0.03)
7.09
(0.07)
1.46
(0.04)
2.59
(0.04)
4.05
(0.06)
Average 718 1.81
(0.06)
6.81
(0.14)
1.31
(0.07)
2.41
(0.08)
3.98
(0.12)
High 453 1.90
(0.07)
6.35
(0.17)
1.41
(0.09)
2.19
(0.11)
3.88
(0.15)
P for trend   0.047 <.0001 0.244 0.0002 0.249
  Body composition
  Adding BMI Z-Score to the baseline model
Low 2939 1.96
(0.03)
7.04
(0.07)
1.44
(0.04)
2.58
(0.04)
4.06
(0.06)
Average 718 1.84
(0.06)
6.92
(0.14)
1.34
(0.07)
2.43
(0.09)
3.96
(0.12)
High 453 1.93
(0.07)
6.48
(0.18)
1.46
(0.09)
2.21
(0.11)
3.86
(0.15)
P for trend   0.304 0.006 0.751 0.001 0.199
  Adding Waist Circumference to the baseline model
Low 2922 1.95
(0.03)
7.02
(0.07)
1.44
(0.04)
2.59
(0.04)
4.05
(0.06)
Average 713 1.87
(0.06)
6.96
(0.14)
1.35
(0.08)
2.41
(0.09)
3.97
(0.12)
High 450 1.97
(0.07)
6.59
(0.18)
1.49
(0.10)
2.18
(0.11)
3.88
(0.15)
P for trend   0.770 0.057 0.925 0.001 0.277
  Other dietary factors
  Adding other dietary food groups to the baseline model
Low 2939 1.96
(0.03)
7.06
(0.07)
1.45
(0.04)
2.58
(0.04)
4.02
(0.06)
Average 718 1.83
(0.05)
6.90
(0.13)
1.32
(0.07)
2.43
(0.08)
4.01
(0.11)
High 453 1.95
(0.07)
6.40
(0.17)
1.45
(0.09)
2.22
(0.11)
4.00
(0.14)
P for trend   0.309 0.001 0.521 0.001 0.839
  Adding percent calories from fat to baseline model
Low 2939 1.98
(0.03)
7.09
(0.07)
1.46
(0.04)
2.59
(0.04)
4.04
(0.05)
Average 718 1.81
(0.06)
6.81
(0.14)
1.31
(0.07)
2.41
(0.08)
3.98
(0.11)
High 453 1.91
(0.07)
6.34
(0.17)
1.39
(0.09)
2.21
(0.11)
3.93
(0.14)
P for trend   0.059 <.0001 0.152 0.0004 0.394
  Adding percent of calories from carbohydrates to baseline model
Low 2939 1.98
(0.03)
7.09
(0.07)
1.46
(0.03)
2.59
(0.04)
4.05
(0.05)
Average 718 1.81
(0.06)
6.81
(0.14)
1.31
(0.07)
2.41
(0.08)
3.98
(0.10)
High 453 1.90
(0.07)
6.35
(0.17)
1.41
(0.09)
2.19
(0.11)
3.90
(0.13)
P for trend   0.049 <.0001 0.212 0.0002 0.233
  Adding percent of calories from proteins to baseline model
Low 2939 1.98
(0.03)
7.08
(0.07)
1.46
(0.04)
2.59
(0.04)
4.07
(0.05)
Average 718 1.81
(0.05)
6.81
(0.14)
1.31
(0.07)
2.41
(0.08)
3.98
(0.09)
High 453 1.88
(0.07)
6.39
(0.17)
1.42
(0.09)
2.19
(0.11)
3.75
(0.12)
P for trend   0.022 <.0001 0.287 0.0002 0.011
  Adding Fiber intake/1000 kilocalories of energy to baseline model
Low 2939 1.98
(0.03)
7.09
(0.07)
1.45
(0.03)
2.57
(0.04)
4.07
(0.06)
Average 718 1.81
(0.06)
6.82
(0.14)
1.32
(0.07)
2.44
(0.08)
3.96
(0.11)
High 453 1.89
(0.07)
6.36
(0.17)
1.45
(0.09)
2.25
(0.10)
3.84
(0.14)
P for trend   0.031 <.0001 0.520 0.002 0.127
  1. Abbreviations: SE, standard error;
  2. *CRP levels: Low = <1.0 mg/L, Average = 1.0-3.0 mg/L, High = >3.0 mg/L
  3. Adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, height, socioeconomic status, and sedentary behavior. 25 subjects were missing information on waist circumference