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Table 1 Physical and metabolic features of experimental groups.

From: Effects of chromium picolinate on glycemic control and kidney of the obese Zucker rat

  LZR OZR OZR; 5 Cr OZR; 10 Cr
Femur length (mm) 37.5 ± 0.5* 33.7 ± 0.6 32.8 ± 0.3 32.6 ± 0.4
Tibia length (mm) 42.9 ± 0.3* 40.9 ± 0.2 40.3 ± 0.2 40.8 ± 0.4
Kidney weight (g) 3.44 ± 0.16* 4.74 ± 0.22 4.44 ± 0.2 5.28 ± 0.3
Kidney to body weight (mg/g) 7.04 ± 0.34 6.33 ± 0.21 6.10 ± 0.39 6.92 ± 0.39
Plasma glucose (mg/dl) 130.8 ± 5.0* 165.0 ± 8.9 175.0 ± 7.1 176.5 ± 5.5
Plasma insulin (μU/ml) 21.4 ± 1.5* 84.2 ± 4.6 73.3 ± 6.6 80.0 ± 9.9
HOMA index 8.1 ± 1.2* 33.8 ± 2.9 31.8 ± 3.3 34.2 ± 3.9
HgA1c (%) 4.6 ± 0.1 4.9 ± 0.1 4.6 ± 0.2 4.9 ± 0.1
Water intake (ml/day) 32.6 ± 0.7 38.7 ± 2.2 44.7 ± 3.8# 47.0 ± 3.1#
Food intake (g/day) 25.4 ± 1.3 29.7 ± 1.4 28.7 ± 2.9 31.2 ± 1.4
Urine excretion (ml/day) 17.6 ± 1.1 23.3 ± 2.1 28.4 ± 3.3# 28.3 ± 3.0#
Urine excretion to fluid intake ratio (%) 54.4 ± 3.0 62.0 ± 3.9 62.9 ± 3.4 59.6 ± 4.2
Urine Osmolality (mOsmol/kg) 1615 ± 72 1655 ± 96 1372 ± 128 1474 ± 102
Sodium excretion (μEq/g food/day) 78.3 ± 5.8 104 ± 10.8# 82.3 ± 4.4 97.1 ± 6.4
Potassium excretion (μEq/g food/day) 231 ± 16 315 ± 57.5 242 ± 13 227 ± 18.6
Creatinine clearance (ml/min) 0.66 ± 0.12 0.60 ± 0.06 0.72 ± 0.09 0.69 ± 0.08
Albumin excretion (mg/day) 41.4 ± 5.4* 70.4 ± 7.2 69.2 ± 7.4 61.6 ± 7.8
  1. * p < 0.05 compared to other groups.
  2. # p < 0.05 compared to the LZR group.