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Table 3 Effects of training (IHMP) on diary reports and anthropometry in normal- and over-weight groups divided by low and high mean pre-meal BG.

From: Sustained self-regulation of energy intake. Loss of weight in overweight subjects. Maintenance of weight in normal-weight subjects

  NORMAL-WEIGHT
  Low BG group High BG group
  Control Trained Control Trained
  Baseline After 5 mo. Baseline After 5 mo. Baseline After 5 mo. Baseline After 5 mo.
Energy intake1 1794 ± 587 1660 ± 732 1518 ± 586 1357 ± 628 2034 ± 528 1886 ± 417 1852 ± 697 1270 ± 457 **,a***,b
Diary BG SD2 8,0 ± 2,4 9,1 ± 1,7 6,3 ± 3,0 5,2 ± 1,8 **,a*,b 8,6 ± 2,2 8,5 ± 2,4 9,1 ± 3,9 6,6 ± 2,5 **,a***,b
BMI3 20.3 ± 1,7 21.0 ± 2.8 21.1 ± 1.8 20.7 ± 1.6 20.2 ± 2.3 21.4 ± 2.1 21.8 ± 2.4 20.7 ± 1.9 ***,a***,b
Weight4 55.2 ± 7.7 57.0 ± 9.6 57.9 ± 7.8 57.0 ± 7.6 57.5 ± 6.9 60.9 ± 6.4 61.4 ± 10.4 58.9 ± 9.6 ***,a***,b
Arm skinfold thickness5 12.9 ± 5.3 14.7 ± 7.7 12.6 ± 6.6 11.3 ± 5.0 11.3 ± 4.3 11.7 ± 4.2 14.1 ± 7.0 11.6 ± 5.7 **,a***,b
Leg skinfold thickness5 17.9 ± 8.7 18.6 ± 11.0 17.6 ± 9.3 15.9 ± 7.7 16.0 ± 6.6 15.6 ± 6.5 20.4 ± 10.3 16.2 ± 8.4 **,a***,b
  OVER-WEIGHT
Energy intake1 1611 ± 471 1257 ± 629 1618 ± 616 950 ± 448**,b 1799 ± 701 1343 ± 489 *,b 1820 ± 570 1123 ± 503 ***,b
Diary BG SD2 9.1 ± 4.5 8.2 ± 2.6 7.9 ± 2.9 4,8 ± 2.0 **,b 8.7 ± 4.2 9.4 ± 4.5 10.4 ± 5.4 7.1 ± 4.0 **,a**,b
BMI3 29.1 ± 7.9 28.9 ± 7.6 27.9 ± 2.0 26.5 ± 1.9 *,a***,b 29.2 ± 3.9 27.8 ± 4.2 *,b 29.0 ± 4.1 26.5 ± 4.0,a*,***b
Weight4 74.5 ± 18.3 74.1 ± 17.9 77.0 ± 9.5 73.0 ± 9.1 *,a***,b 77.1 ± 16.2 73.7 ± 15.9 *,b 78.5 ± 10.6 71.8 ± 10.7 *,a***,b
Arm skinfold thickness5 25.3 ± 10.8 23.3 ± 8.7 **,b 25.9 ± 7.0 21.8 ± 6.4 *,b 25.5 ± 9.9 19.6 ± 6.8 25.7 ± 10.2 19.09 ± 8.2 ***,b
Leg skinfold thickness5 33.7 ± 13.7 30.3 ± 12.6 **,b 32.5 ± 12.1 26.6 ± 10.3 ***,b 34.9 ± 13.1 29.4 ± 9.8**,b 31.9 ± 13.1 24.4 ± 10.3 ***,b
  1. 1 Kcal/d. 2, mg/dL; diary SD refers to BG SD of 21 measurements reported by each of 7d diary. 3 body weight kg/square height meters. 4 Kg 5 mm. Asterisks indicate significant differences as in Table 1.