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Table 1 Characteristics of Participants

From: Nutritional and metabolic status of children with autism vs. neurotypical children, and the association with autism severity

  Autism Group Neurotypical Group
Total Participants 55 44
Male 49 (89%) 39 (89%)
Female 6 (11%) 5(11%)
Age (years) 10.0 +/- 3.1 11.0 +/- 3.1
Diagnosis 85% autism, 4% PDD/NOS, 11% Asperger's In good mental and physical health
Medications 55% no medications
29% psycho-pharmaceuticals - primarily risperidone and clonidine;
9% on CNS stimulants (primarily Concerta); 4% on anti-convulsants
5% on GI medications;
7% on asthma/allergy medicine;
2% on insulin
89% no medications;
9% on anti-inflammatories (asthma/allergies); 2% on anti-incontinence medication
Special Diets 84% on regular diet;
3 gluten-free, casein-free diet;
1 gluten-free;
3 reduced dairy/gluten;
2 low sugar
1 child on dairy-free diet
Nutritional Supplements 1 on fish oil; 2 on melatonin none
PDD-BI (modified autism composite) -63 +/- 54 n/a
ATEC 64 +/- 25 n/a
SAS 4.9 +/- 2.4 n/a