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Table 4 Endocrine and Metabolite Responses During Relapse.

From: Resistant starch and exercise independently attenuate weight regain on a high fat diet in a rat model of obesity

  C RS C+EX RS+EX
Corticosterone (μg/day) C     
   Day 0 3.1 ± 0.3 4.0 ± 0.5 4.4 ± 0.6 4.4 ± 1.1
   Day 1 4.0 ± 0.5 4.4 ± 0.4 4.6 ± 0.5 4.6 ± 1.0
   Day 65 7.8 ± 1.8 6.9 ± 1.5 6.4 ± 1.6 3.2 ± 1.0 *
Leptin (μg/L) C     
   Day 0 2.5 ± 0.6 4.3 ± 1.7 2.8 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.4
   Day 1 8.9 ± 1.5 8.8 ± 1.5 7.4 ± 1.1 5.9 ± 1.0
   Day 65 10.8 ± 2.0 9.4 ± 1.1 8.6 ± 2.1 9.2 ± 1.5
Triglycerides (mmol/L) CE     
   Day 0 0.73 ± 0.14 0.64 ± 0.17 0.82 ± 0.16 0.62 ± 0.11
   Day 1 2.03 ± 0.15 1.98 ± 0.24 1.87 ± 0.14 1.41 ± 0.28
   Day 65 1.62 ± 0.15 1.51 ± 0.24 1.57 ± 0.27 1.13 ± 0.13
NEFA (mmol/L) E     
   Day 0 0.54 ± 0.11 0.58 ± 0.11 0.56 ± 0.06 0.52 ± 0.06
   Day 1 0.55 ± 0.12 0.46 ± 0.07 0.82 ± 0.16 0.67 ± 0.09
   Day 65 0.62 ± 0.10 0.59 ± 0.08 0.67 ± 0.06 0.75 ± 0.07
Cholesterol (mmol/L) CD     
   Day 0 1.80 ± 0.09 2.37 ± 0.18 * 2.25 ± 0.23 1.99 ± 0.23
   Day 1 2.97 ± 0.28 3.52 ± 0.18 3.94 ± 0.46 2.59 ± 0.28*
   Day 65 3.01 ± 0.28 3.48 ± 0.27 4.00 ± 0.57 3.17 ± 0.43
  1. Data were examined by repeated measures ANOVA for the effects of diet (RS), exercise (EX), and time.
  2. EX/SED rats were excluded from this analysis.
  3. All paramaters except NEFAs, were significantly affected by the time of relapse (p < 0.05).
  4. A = RS, p < 0.05; B = EX, p < 0.05; C = time, p < 0.05
  5. D = RS × EX, p < 0.05; E = EX × Time, p < 0.05
  6. * = planned comparison, RS-fed significantly different from corresponding C-fed group, p < 0.05.