Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Serum fatty acid composition (as percentage of total) of walnut oil group at baseline and 4 h postprandially

From: Walnut oil increases cholesterol efflux through inhibition of stearoyl CoA desaturase 1 in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells

Fatty acid Carbon: Time Change
profile Double-bond 0 h 4 h 4 h vs. 0 h
  14:0 0.93 ± 0.12 0.7 ± 0.08 - 25%
SFA 16:0 20.5 ± 0.72 19 ± 0.62 - 7.3%
  18:0 5.83 ± 0.28 5.77 ± 0.23 - 1%
  16:1 2.14 ± 0.23 1.76 ± 0.22 - 17.8%
MUFA 18:1 21 ± 0.64 19.5 ± 0.64 - 7.8%
  18:2 34.5 ± 1.37 37.58 ± 1.26 9%
PUFA γ 18:3 0.58 ± 0.04 0.53 ± 0.04 - 8.6%
(n-6) 20:4 8.2 ± 0.47 7.67 ± 0.43 - 6.3%
  α 18:3 0.74 ± 0.06 2.2 ± 0.16 197%
PUFA 20:5 0.88 ± 0.15 0.83 ± 0.15 - 5.3%
(n-3) 22:5 0.55 ± 0.03 0.52 ± 0.03 - 5.5%
  22:6 1.73 ± 0.16 1.67 ± 0.15 - 3.5%
Total n-6   44.88 ± 1.7 47.3 ± 1.52 5.4%
Total n-3   3.9 ± 0.34 5.1 ± 0.35 30.8%
n-3/n-6   0.09 ± 0.01 0.11 ± 0.01 22.2%
α 18:3/18:2   0.02 ± 0.002 0.06 ± 0.004 200%
  1. Values are expressed as mean (percentage of total fatty acid) ± SEM. MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acid; PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acid; 14:0 myristic acid; 16:0 palmitic acid; 18:0 stearic acid; 16:1 palmitoleic acid; 18:1 oleic acid; 18:2 linoleic acid; γ 18:3 gamma-linolenic acid; 20:4 arachidonic acid; α 18:3 alpha-linolenic acid; 20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid; 20:6 docosapentaenoic acid; 22:6 docosahexaenoic acid. Superscripts ‡: P < 0.001; †: 0.001 ≤ P < 0.01.