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Table 2 Obesity state and metabolic parameters in rats after 15 weeks of dietary treatment

From: Leucine supplementation improves adiponectin and total cholesterol concentrations despite the lack of changes in adiposity or glucose homeostasis in rats previously exposed to a high-fat diet

  Control diet High-fat diet P
Body fat, % 14.46 ± 1.16 20.94 ± 2.39* 0.024
SC fat pad, g/100 g 2.77 ± 0.17 4.09 ± 0.69* 0.045
EP fat pad, g/100 g 1.98 ± 0,14 2.72 ± 0.17* 0.004
RP fat pad, g/100 g 1.40 ± 0.09 2.29 ± 0.19* 0.000
EP adipocyte volume, pL 350.80 ± 22.42 432.80 ± 14.28* 0.014
SC adipocyte volume, pL 257.90 ± 28.31 359.30 ± 36.55* 0.041
Glucose, mg/dL 132.91 ± 4.73 148.80 ± 3.88* 0.035
Insulin, ng/mL 0.53 ± 0.04 0.99 ± 0.19* 0.022
TNF-α, pg/mL 45.78 ± 2.54 59.05 ± 3.94* 0.010
Leptin, ng/mL 12.70 ± 1.22 25.40 ± 2.78* 0.000
Adiponectin, ng/mL 22.67 ± 1.38 16.38 ± 1.28* 0.006
  1. SC, subcutaneous; EP, epididymal; RP, retroperitoneal
  2. Values are mean ± sem (control group, n = 10; high-fat group, n = 7)
  3. *P < 0.05 vs. control diet group.