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Table 5 Whole blood clinical chemistry markers for the CARB and NOSS groups

From: Effects of 28 days of resistance exercise while consuming commercially available pre- and post-workout supplements, NO-Shotgun® and NO-Synthesize® on body composition, muscle strength and mass, markers of protein synthesis, and clinical safety markers in males

Variable Group Day 0 Day 29 Test (p < .05) Group x Test (p < .05)
WBC (10 6 /L)     .148 .300
  NOSS 6.06 ± 1.32 5.91 ± 1.27   
  CARB 7.11 ± 1.74 6.28 ± 1.34   
RBC (10 9 /L)     .243 .755
  NOSS 4.99 ± 0.304 4.94 ± 0.257   
  CARB 4.94 ± 0.312 4.85 ± 0.302   
HGB (g/dL)     .100 .695
  NOSS 15.24 ± 0.815 15.01 ± 0.750   
  CARB 14.96 ± 0.593 14.60 ± 0.563   
HCT (%)     .509 .997
  NOSS 44.28 ± 2.12 43.92 ± 2.34   
  CARB 43.44 ± 1.81 43.08 ± 2.03   
MCV (fL)     .093 .226
  NOSS 88.85 ± 3.90 88.90 ± 4.06   
  CARB 88.05 ± 4.00 88.86 ± 4.05   
MCH (pg)     .103 .886
  NOSS 30.57 ± 1.31 30.42 ± 1.34   
  CARB 30.32 ± 1.85 30.14 ± 1.62   
MCHC (g/dL)     .015 .235
  NOSS 34.42 ± 0.399 34.22 ± 0.482   
  CARB 34.45 ± 1.01 33.92 ± 1.03   
Platelets (10 6 /L)     .243 .861
  NOSS 211.24 ± 28.57 221.82 ± 38.27   
  CARB 228.89 ± 62.43 236.78 ± 77.51   
Neutrophils (cells/μl)     .178 .111
  NOSS 2798.63 ± 1056.71 2868.65 ± 886.18   
  CARB 4038.93 ± 1448.59 3263.78 ± 767.91   
Lymphocytes (cells/μl)     .445 .566
  NOSS 2512.93 ± 516.94 2344.63 ± 355.10   
  CARB 2164.57 ± 620.78 2139.84 ± 629.11   
Monocytes (cells/μl)     .613 .888
  NOSS 536.70 ± 121.60 509.40 ± 124.70   
  CARB 599.11 ± 142.53 583.67 ± 263.01   
Eosinophils (cells/μl)     .602 .926
  NOSS 186.40 ± 113.01 177.10 ± 143.54   
  CARB 287.33 ± 161.21 274.03 ± 183.27   
Basophils (cells/μl)     .293 .050† NOSS < PLC
  NOSS 25.70 ± 10.34 17.40 ± 8.51   
  CARB 21.88 ± 11.43 24.55 ± 11.10   
  1. Data are presented as means and standard deviations. † Denotes a significant difference between CARB and NOSS.