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Table 4 Serum parameters

From: Long-term high-fat-diet feeding induces skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis in rats in a sex-dependent and muscle-type specific manner

  Control HFD ANOVA
Glucose (mM)    
Male 6.76 ± 0.23 6.34 ± 0.20 NS
Female 5.95 ± 0.37 6.37 ± 0.36  
Insulin (μg/L)    
Male 1.79 ± 0.36 1.92 ± 0.47 S
Female 0.442 ± 0.124b 0.976 ± 0.151a, b  
HOMA-IR    
Male 14.6 ± 2.4 11.4 ± 2.2 S, S*D
Female 2.45 ± 0.64b 7.01 ± 0.70a,b  
Total Adiponectin (ng/μL)    
Male 5.86 ± 0.20 5.97 ± 0.46 D, S*D
Female 5.06 ± 0.39b 6.49 ± 0.31a  
HMW Adiponectin (ng/μL)    
Male 3.86 ± 0.53 2.39 ± 0.32a S*D
Female 3.63 ± 0.36 4.11 ± 0.40b  
HMW Adiponectin/Total Adiponectin    
Male 0.655 ± 0.078 0.405 ± 0.054a S, D
Female 0.773 ± 0.121 0.636 ± 0.053b  
Triglyceride (g/L)    
Male 2.58 ± 0.25 2.43 ± 0.20 D, S*D
Female 1.67 ± 0.14b 2.68 ± 0.21a  
  1. HOMA-IR was calculated as [fasting glucose (mM) × fasting insulin (μU/mL)]/22.5. Values are expressed as the mean ± S.E.M of ten animals per group. ANOVA (p < 0.05): S sex effect, D HFD effect, S*D sex and HFD interactive effect and NS non significant effect. Student's t-test (p < 0.05):a HFD vs control,b female vs male.