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Table 3 Urine Data (n = 8)

From: Effect of a LoBAG30 diet on protein metabolism in men with type 2 diabetes. A Randomized Controlled Trial

  Control- Pre Control -Post LoBAG-Pre LoBAG-Post
Volume (ml) 4171 ± 654 3889 ± 875 4671 ± 655 4500 ± 581
Glucose (g) 10 ± 6 7 ± 3 16 ± 8 3 ± 2 ~
Potassium (m atoms) 91 ± 10.8 78 ± 7.6 103 ± 11.8 98 ± 5.6
Sodium (m atoms) 188 ± 15 211 ± 20 201 ± 15 273 ± 15 *
Urea Nitrogen (g) 13.6 ± 1.1 13.4 ± 0.9 15.8 ± 1.0 22.5 ± 0.7 *
Uric Acid (g) 0.74 ± 0.04 0.69 ± 0.03 0.74 ± 0.05 0.90 ± 0.03 *
Urine Nitrogen
(Urea, Creat, Uric Acid only)
14.5 ± 1.1 14.3 ± 0.9 16.7 ± 1.0 23.6 ± 0.7*
Micro albumin (mg) < 5 < 5.0 < 5.0 < 5.0
Cortisol (μg) ( n = 6) 17.9 ± 4.8 21.6 ± 6.4 24.6 ± 4.6 42.8 ± 3.3*
Calcium (g) 263 ± 30 251 ± 34 265 ± 37 262 ± 42
Creatinine (g) 1.8 ± 0.09 1.7 ± 0.06 1.9 ± 0.11 2.2 ± 0.15*
Creatinine Cl (ml/min) 128 ± 10 127 ± 10 131 ± 8 160 ± 12*
pH 5.9 ± 0.2 6.3 ± 0.2* 6.2 ± 0.2 6.1 ± 0.1
  1. Values are mean ± SEM.
  2. Statistics were done using Student’s t test comparing Control – Pre with Control – Post, and LoBAG – Pre with LoBAG – Post.
  3. * = P < 0.05 using Student’s t test compared to Pre;
  4. ~ P = 0.06 using Student’s t test, and P = 0.008 using Wilcoxon’s sign rank test.