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Table 6 Obese adolescents $ (percentages and 95% CI ) according to quintiles of dietary indices*

From: Associations of dietary indices with biomarkers of dietary exposure and cardiovascular status among adolescents in Germany

  Index 1. Quintile 3. Quintile 5. Quintile ß p
Girls HFD 20.5 17.1 16.9 −0.061 .162
N=2,544 16.7-24.6 14.0-20.6 14.1-20.0   
HuSKY 16.2 16.2 18.7 0.063 .159
12.9-20.0 13.1-19.8 15.8-22.0   
IFI 12.7 20.3 18.4 0.078 .092
9.8-16.1 16.5-24.5 14.9-22.3   
Fruit/vegetable intake 18.8 18.7 19.2 0.044 .382
  15.2-22.9 15.3-22.4 16.1-22.6   
Boys HFD 14.0 17.6 17.6 0.041 .364
N=2,634 11.4-16.9 14.5-21.1 14.1-21.6   
HuSKY 15.9 18.0 19.2 0.051 .267
13.0-19.1 14.8-21.5 15.4-23.4   
IFI 13.6 19.4 21.0 0.158 .001
11.4-16.2 15.9-23.3 16.4-26.3   
Fruit/vegetable intake 19.0 15.7 19.6 0.009 .847
  15.9-22.3 12.8-19.0 15.9-23.7   
  1. Abbreviation: CI (Confidence interval), HFD (Healthy Food Diversity Index), HuSKY (Healthy Nutrition Score for Kids and Youth), IFI (Indicator Food Index).
  2. *P values less than 0.05 (bold) were considered statistically significant.
  3. $calculated according to Kromeyer-Hauschild et al. [35].