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Table 2 Association of age at menarche with metabolic syndrome and its components

From: Association of age at menarche with metabolic syndrome and its components in rural Bangladeshi women

  Age at menarche (years)
  <12 12-13 >13 Trend Pa
Metabolic syndromeb
Model 1 1.60 (1.09−2.35) 1.38 (0.97−1.97) 1.00 (reference) 0.02
Model 2 1.55 (1.05−2.30) 1.36 (0.95−1.94) 1.00 (reference) 0.03
Central obesity
Model 1 1.67 (0.92−3.05) 1.82 (1.02−3.27) 1.00 (reference) 0.11
Model 2 1.53 (0.82−2.85) 1.73 (0.96−3.11) 1.00 (reference) 0.23
High fasting blood glucose
Model 1 0.59 (0.42−0.83) 0.73 (0.54−0.99) 1.00 (reference) <0.01
Model 2 0.65 (0.46−0.93) 0.76 (0.56−1.04) 1.00 (reference) 0.02
High triglyceride
Model 1 2.27 (1.59−3.25) 1.82 (1.31−2.53) 1.00 (reference) <0.01
Model 2 1.97 (1.36−2.84) 1.70 (1.22−2.35) 1.00 (reference) <0.01
Low HDL cholesterol
Model 1 1.99 (1.32−2.98) 1.41 (1.00−2.00) 1.00 (reference) <0.01
Model 2 1.71 (1.12−2.60) 1.30 (0.91−1.84) 1.00 (reference) 0.01
High blood pressure
Model 1 0.94 (0.66−1.35) 1.01 (0.73−1.43) 1.00 (reference) 0.71
Model 2 1.05 (0.72−1.52) 1.08 (0.77−1.53) 1.00 (reference) 0.83
  1. Model 1 adjusted for age (year, continuous), education (illiterate, have formal education).
  2. Model 2 adjusted for age (year, continuous), education (illiterate, have formal education), marital status (currently married or others), use of tobacco products (ever or never), ever use of contraceptives (yes or no), and number of pregnancies (continuous).
  3. aBased on multiple logistic regression analysis, with ordinal numbers 1–3 assigned to increasing categories of age at menarche.
  4. bMetabolic syndrome is defined as presence of at least 3 of the following criteria.
  5. Obesity component (Waist circumference ≥88 cm), high fasting blood glucose (≥110 mg/dL), high triglycerides (≥150 mg/dL), low-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (<50 mg/dL), high blood pressure; systolic blood pressure (SBP ≥ 130mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure (DBP ≥85 mm Hg).