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Table 5 Demographic, anthropometric and cardio-metabolic measures of overweight and obese older adults in control and olive oil groups at baseline and month 3a

From: Cardio-metabolic and immunological impacts of extra virgin olive oil consumption in overweight and obese older adults: a randomized controlled trial

  Control (N = 21) Olive Oil (N = 20)  
Measures Baseline Month 3 Baseline Month 3 P *
Age (y) 72 ± 1   72 ± 1   0.77
Female, [n (%)] 15 (71)   12 (60)   0.52
Caucasian, [n (%)] 15 (71)   13 (65)   0.57
Weight (Kg) 80 ± 2 80 ± 2 80 ± 3 80 ± 3 0.39
Height (m) 1.7 ± 0.02 1.7 ± 0.02 1.7 ± 0.02 1.7 ± 0.02 N/A
BMI (Kg/m2) 29 ± 1 29 ± 1 29 ± 1 29 ± 1 0.31
Waist (cm) 97 ± 2 97 ± 2 97 ± 3 97 ± 3 0.96
Hip (cm) 106 ± 2 107 ± 2 106 ± 2 106 ± 2 0.10
DBP (mmHg) 76 ± 2 73 ± 2 76 ± 2 73 ± 1 0.99
SBP (mmHg) 126 ± 2 126 ± 3 128 ± 3 122 ± 2 0.04
Glucose (mg/dl) 102 ± 2 105 ± 2 101 ± 2 104 ± 2 0.86
HDL-C (mg/dl) 53 ± 2 52 ± 2 52 ± 3 54 ± 3 0.06
LDL-C (mg/dl) 144 ± 7 145 ± 7 130 ± 7 132 ± 6 0.39
TG (mg/dl) 104 ± 10 110 ± 11 103 ± 9 113 ± 13 0.69
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HDL-C high density lipoprotein-cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, SBP systolic blood pressure, TG triglycerides, N/A not applicable
  2. * P-value between groups was obtained by student (un-paired) t-test or chi-square (demographic measures) or ANCOVA adjusting for age, sex and baseline value (anthropometric and cardio-metabolic measures)
  3. a Values are mean ± SEM or n (%)